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Upplevda risksituationer inom psykiatrin: Tematisk studie kring boendestödjares berättelser av en riskfylld situation på arbetsplatsen
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experienced risk situations in psychiatric care : a thematic study on supporter workers' individualstories of risky situations at work (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under det senaste fyra åren har stödboendet i Sverige ökat med 60 %. I studien deltog 11 deltagare anställda på ett psykiskt boende, majoriteten var kvinnor i medelåldern. Syftet med studien har varit att studera upplevda risksituationer hos boendestödjare inom psykiatrin och se om denna risksituation lett till någon förändring på deras arbetsplats. För att studera detta användes en frågeguide med öppna frågor. Deltagarna fick en frågeguide där de skriftligt besvara öppna frågor om en upplevd risksituation och berätta om den lett till någon förändring på arbetsplatsen eller i arbetsrutinerna. Detta var individuella risksituationer som deltagarna själva varit med om. Materialet transkriberades sedan och analyserades med tematisk analysmetod. I resultatet framkom tre stycken huvudteman: Regler bryts, Strategier i en risksituation samt Upplevda effekter efter risksituationen. Från dessa huvudteman kunde sedan 9 stycken underteman identifieras. Studien visar på att den boende upplevs som ett hot på arbetsplatsen och att i en risksituation finner deltagarna trygghet i egna insatser, andra yrkesgrupper samt kollegor. De förändringar som organisationen har gjort har antingen bestått av mer personal eller tekniska åtgärder. En slutsats som kan dras är att kollegor och andra yrkesgrupper är viktiga för att arbetet inom psykiskt boende ska kännas tryggt. Mer fördjupning krävs inom risker, och arbetet på psykiska stödboenden. Forskning kring riskhantering är tämligen outvecklad och mer forskning behövs, då det i nuläget inte finns någon dominerande riskhanteringsstil.

Abstract [en]

Supporting residents in Sweden has increased by 60% in the past four years. This study enrolled 11 participants employed at a psychiatric facility; the majority of whom were middle-aged women. The purpose of the study was to examine perceived risk situations of that the supportive workers within psychiatry and see if that condition led to changes within their workplace. Participants received a question-guide where they wrote answers to open-ended questions about perceived risk situation, and were given opportunity to answer if said risk led to any change in the workplace environment or its practices. These were individual risk situations that participants experienced in person. The material was then transcribed and analyzed by thematic analysis. The results revealed three main themes:

Rules are broken, Strategies in a risk situation and Perceived effects after risk situation. From the three main themes, nine sub-themes were identified. The study shows that the supportive housing residents are perceived as a threat in the workplace and that during risk situations the participants find safety in their own immediate actions as well as those of their professional peers. The changes made by the organization did either consist of more personnel or technical measures. A conclusion of the study shows that the colleagues and other professionals are highly important for the well-being and safety of the psychiatric residents. More in-depth research needs to be done in the risks and the work with the psychiatric residents. The research concerning risk management is relatively undeveloped and more research needs to be done, for as it is today, there are no dominant risk management guidelines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Risk, risk management, risk assessment, psychiatric services, supporter worker
Keyword [sv]
Risk, riskhantering, riskbedömning, psykiatrin, boendestödjare
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7571Local ID: EXC566OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7571DiVA: diva2:808567
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human factor
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-05-12 Created: 2015-04-29 Last updated: 2015-05-12Bibliographically approved

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