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Motivation och Engagemang till Ideellt arbete inom idrottsföreningar.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivation and commitment to non-profit work within athletics organizations (English)
Abstract [sv]

En ideell förening bygger sin verksamhet på frivilligt arbete, detta då verksamheten inte är vinstdrivande. Exkluderandet av pengar stoppar inte människor från att vara motiverade och engagerade till att arbeta ideellt. Syftet med studien var att undersöka bakomliggande faktorer till ideelltarbete inom idrottsföreningar. Studien utgår från

Selfdetermination theory samt Three-component conceptualization theory vilka behandlar motivation och engagemang. Enkätstudien bygger på Situational motivation scale (SIMS) och Organizational commitment questionare (OCQ). Resultatet visade att studiens 29 respondenter 17 kvinnor och 12 män i blandade åldrar från 18-60+ främst var motiverade genom inre motivation samt identifierad reglering. En multipel regressionsanalys visade även att motivation kan förklara 22.5% av ideellt arbete. Vad gäller engagemang kunde detta inte predicera eller förklara ideellt arbete. Det fanns inte heller några samband mellan engagemang och ideellt arbete. Slutsatsen är att respondenterna främst motiveras av autonoma och självreglerande motivationsfaktorer samt att en samlad motivations variabel innehållande inre-, identifierad- och extern reglering visade att ideellt arbetande människor är motiverade.

Abstract [en]

Non-profit organizations' foundation is based on voluntary work; this because the organization has a non-profit motive. The exclusion of monetary rewards such as money does not stop people from motivating themselves and committing themselves to voluntary work. This study aims to examine factors that might be the reason for this motivation. The theoretical discussion of the study starts with Self-determination theory (SDT) and Three-component conceptualization (TCC) theory addressing motivation and commitment. The study is conducted on empirical testing through a survey study based on the Situational motivation scale (SIMS) and the Organizational commitment scale (OCQ). The result shows that the 29 participants of which 17 women and 12 men in ages from 18 to 60+ are motivated by intrinsic or identified regulation, which means that they are motivated through autonomous and self-regulatory behavior. A multiple regression analysis shows that motivation predicted 22.5% of the participant's volunteer work. No correlation was found between commitment and volunteer work. Hence, commitment did not explain the participant's attitudes towards volunteer work. To summarize, the participants is motivated through autonomous and self-regulated types of motivation. The study also shows that a combined variable of intrinsic-, identified- and external regulated motivation shows that volunteer workers are motivated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Motivation, Commitment, Self-determination, Three-Component Commitment, Non-profit organizations, Athletics organizations, Internalization.
Keyword [sv]
Motivation, Engagemang, Själv-bestämmande motivation, Trefaktors engagemang, Ideella föreningar, Idrottsföreningar, Internalisering
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7559Local ID: PSK500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7559DiVA: diva2:806319
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-04-21 Created: 2015-04-20 Last updated: 2015-04-21Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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