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Vad anser anställda inom näringslivet vara kränkande beteende med fokus på sexuella trakasserier och könstrakasserier?
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What do employees consider as insulting behavior concerning sexual and gender harassment? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Heinz Leymann betraktades som en pionjär i forskning om fenomenet vuxenmobb-ning redan på sjuttiotalet. Syftet var att undersöka vilka beteenden som ansågs vara mest kränkande med fokus på sexuella trakasserier och könstrakasserier bland an-ställda på ett mansdominerat näringslivsföretag. Dessutom att ta reda på om det finns ett samband mellan företeelser och scenarier. Faktorer som studerades utöver samband var kön, ålder utbildning och yrkeskategorier. Respondenterna var an-ställda på ett mansdominerat näringslivsföretag (

N = 396; 54 kvinnor och 236 män) med följande yrkeskategorier: 187 tjänstemän, 54 kollektivanställda, 44 konsulter. Alla var mellan 20 och 65 år. Enkäten innehöll två huvudfrågor, åtta företeelser och fem scenarier. Vissa av dem var relaterade till sexuella trakasserier och andra till könstrakasserier. Resultatet visade att företeelserna ignorerande och beröring, samt scenario beröring från chefen upplevdes som mest kränkande. Den äldre gruppen ansåg att scenarier som var relaterade till könstrakasserier upplevdes som kränkande, medan den yngre gruppen ansåg att företeelsen som var relaterad till sexuella trakasserier som kränkande. Män upplevde företeelser som var relaterade till könstrakasserier mer kränkande än vad kvinnorna gjorde. Resultaten visade att tjänstemän ansåg företeelser och scenarier som var relaterade till könstrakasserier och sexuella trakasserier kunde upplevas som kränkande mer än konsulter och kol-lektivanställda. Utifrån resultaten kan slutsatsen dras att flera företeelser ansågs vara kränkande när de förekom enskilt än i ett sammanhang.

Abstract [en]

Heinz Leymann is regarded a pioneer in research on adult bullying. The aim of this study was to examine which behaviors are considered to be the most insulting, with a focus on sexual harassment and gender harassment among employees in a male-dominated work sector. In addition to finding out if there is a connection between the phenomena and scenarios. The factors that were studied in addition to the con-text were gender, age, education and profession type. The respondents were em-ployees (

N = 396; 54 women and 236 men) with the following professions; 187 of-ficials, 54 public employees, and 44 consultants. All were between 20 and 65 years. The questionnaire consisted of two main questions, eight phenomena and five scenarios. Some of them were related to sexual harassment and others to gen-der harassment. The results showed that ignoring and touching, as well as scenario touch from the boss was regarded as the most insulting. The older group experi-enced scenarios that was related to gender harassment more insulting, while the younger group experienced phenomenon that was related to sexual harassment as more insulting. Men experienced phenomena which were related to gender harass-ment more insulting than women did. The results showed that officials were more offended by the phenomena and scenarios that were related to gender harassment than consultants and public employees. Based on the results, the conclusion is that several phenomena were considered to be offensive when they were alone but not when put in context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
bullying, sexual harassment, gender harassment, workplace, ed-ucational background.
Keyword [sv]
Mobbning, sexuella trakasserier, köntrakasserier, arbetsplats, ut-bildningsbakgrund.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7233Local ID: EXD930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7233DiVA: diva2:774446
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2014-12-23 Last updated: 2015-01-07Bibliographically approved

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