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Livskvalitet hos kvinnor med urininkontinens: En kvantitativ studie
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Quality of life in women with urinary incontinence (English)
Abstract [en]

Urinary incontinence is a major health problem that affects many women. It usually affects quality of life in a negative manner which may cause suffering for the women. The purpose of this study was to investigate in what ways urinary incontinence had an impact on quality of life among women seeking help in primary health care. The method used was a quantitative non-experimental cross-sectional study. Data was collected from two different health centres in the region and totally 187 women were asked to participate in the study. A validated instrument, Incontinence and quality of life (ICIQ-UI-SF), was used for data collection and one additional question was constructed. In total 132 women (71 %) participated in the study. The result showed a median age of 75 years (range 36-94 years). Furthermore, the study showed that urinary incontinence had a greater negative impact on quality of life of the younger women compared to the older women. Frequency, quantity and severity of urinary incontinence had a great impact on the quality of life of the women. Fifty percent of the women had not been treated for the urinary incontinence. The treated women had a significantly lower average age. Urinary incontinence treatment did not have any significant impact on the quality of life of the women in the study. Worth noting was that treated younger women experienced significantly less quality of life compared to untreated younger women. Despite urinary incontinence treatment the women experience worse quality of life which could indicate that the women are under-treated. To be able to help women with urinary incontinence it is important that health care personnel are aware of how these women experience their quality of life.

Abstract [sv]

Urininkontinens är ett stort folkhälsoproblem och många kvinnor är drabbade. Livskvaliteten påverkas ofta negativt vilket kan medföra ett lidande för kvinnorna. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur urininkontinens påverkar livskvaliteten hos kvinnor som sökt hjälp inom primärvården. Metoden var en icke-experimentell tvärsnittsstudie med kvantitativ ansats. Data inhämtades från två vårdcentraler och totalt tillfrågades 187 kvinnor att delta i studien. Data samlades in med hjälp av ett validerat mätinstrument, urininkontinens och livskvalitet (ICIQ-UI SF), med en egenkonstruerad tilläggsfråga. Totalt deltog 132 kvinnor (71 %) i studien. Studien visade att medianåldern på deltagarna var 75 år med spridning 36-94 år. Studien visade att urininkontinens hade större negativ inverkan på livskvaliteten hos de yngre kvinnorna jämfört med de äldre kvinnorna. Frekvens, mängd och svårighetsgrad av urininkontinens inverkade i hög grad på kvinnornas livskvalitet. Hälften av kvinnorna hade inte fått behandling. De behandlade kvinnorna hade en signifikant lägre medelålder än de obehandlade. Behandling av urininkontinens hade inte någon signifikant effekt på kvinnornas livskvalitet. Anmärkningsvärt var att behandlade yngre kvinnor upplevde signifikant sämre livskvalitet jämfört med obehandlade yngre kvinnor. Trots behandling upplever kvinnorna försämrad livskvalitet vilket kan tyda på att de är underbehandlade. Det är viktigt att vårdpersonal är medvetna om hur kvinnor med urininkontinens upplever sin livskvalitet, detta för att kunna hjälpa dem på bästa sätt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Primary health care, Quality of life, Quantitative method, Urinary incontinence, Women
Keyword [sv]
Kvantitativ metod, Kvinna, Livskvalitet, Primärvård, Urininkontinens
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7174Local ID: EXD909OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7174DiVA: diva2:772082
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-16 Created: 2014-12-16 Last updated: 2014-12-16Bibliographically approved

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