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District nurses' efforts to support patients in smoking cessation : Distriktssköterskans arbete med att stödja patienter i rökavvänjning
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2793-9937
2015 (Swedish)In: Nordic Journal of Nursing Research, ISSN 2057-1593, Vol. 35, no 1, 45-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Smoking is a public health problem. Supporting patients to achieve lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, is one way for the district nurse to promote health.

Aim: Investigate how the district nurse promotes health and supports patients in smoking cessation.

Method: A questionnaire was sent to 124 district nurses working with smoking cessation in a region in western Sweden. The questionnaire contained both closed and open questions. The responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics and manifest content analysis.

Findings: The district nurses’ work includes motivating, educating, supporting, informing and following up patients in need of smoking cessation. Sixty-three percent of the district nurses consider themselves to have an important function in smoking cessation. Lack of time is a substantial problem and district nurses devote one to ten hours per week on smoking cessation. Forty-three percent felt that they did not have enough knowledge about smoking cessation. The district nurses wished to benefit from the experience of other colleagues.

Conclusion: District nurses experience lack of time and knowledge. In order to provide quality support for smoking cessation district nurses should possess medical knowledge and be empathic and involved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 35, no 1, 45-53 p.
Keyword [en]
District nurse, descriptive statistics, smoking cessation, self-care, support
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7046DOI: 10.1177/0107408314564520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-7046DiVA: diva2:767323
Available from: 2014-12-01 Created: 2014-12-01 Last updated: 2015-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Pennbrant, Sandra

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