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Mina åsikter är precis lika viktiga som alla andras.: En kvalitativ studie om deltagares upplevelser inom daglig verksamhet.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
My opinions are just as important as everyone else's. : A qualitative study of participants' experiences in daily activities (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Valet av daglig verksamhet som undersökningsområde gjordes då vi ville undersöka hur personer med funktionsnedsättning upplever sin arbetssituation. Empowerment som perspektiv kändes passande i studien då många av de teoretiska begrepp vi ville använda oss av förekommer inom empowerment.

Syfte:

Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån ett empowermentperspektiv beskriva och analysera hur deltagare upplever och skapar mening inom daglig verksamhet.

Metod:

Studien är av kvalitativ karaktär med semistrukturerade intervjuer där empirin grundar sig på fem transkriberade intervjuer. De personer som intervjuats har valts ut utifrån två kriterier, att de kunde uttrycka sig muntligt samt beviljats och arbetar inom daglig verksamhet enligt LSS (1993:387). För att få svar på våra intervjufrågor utarbetades en intervjuguide. Empirin analyserades utifrån studiens tre teoretiska begrepp tillhörighet, meningsfullhet och makt. Intervjuanalys med fokus på meningen har används som omfattar meningskodning.

Resultat:

Resultatet visar att samtliga deltagare trivs med sin arbetssituation, genom att dem uttrycker att det är viktigt för dem att ha något att göra om dagarna samt att samspela med andra. Fortsättningsvis visar resultatet på att deltagarna upplever acceptans på sitt arbete, men de upplever inte att deras arbete är accepterat i samhället. Det framkommer i resultatet att maktrelationen mellan personalen och deltagarna är relativt likställd men att deltagarna är medvetna om att personalen har största ansvaret och har på så sätt makten.

Abstract [en]

Background:

The choice of daily activities as a study area was made because we wanted to investigate how people with disabilities experience their work situation. An empowerment perspective seemed appropriate in this study because many of the theoretical concepts we wanted to use occurs within empowerment.

Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how participants experience and create meaning in daily activities based on an empowerment perspective.

Method:

The study is of a qualitative nature with semi-structured interviews where the empiricism is based on five transcribed interviews. The persons interviewed have been selected on the basic of two criteria, that they could express themselves verbally and that they was granted and worked within daily activity according to LSS (1993:387). To get our interview questions answered an interview guide was composed. The empiricism was analyzed on the basis of the studies three theories belonging, meaningfulness and power. Interview analysis with focus on sentences has been used that includes sentence coding.

Result:

The result shows that all participants are content with their work situation, they express that it is important for them to have something to occupy their day and to interact with others, but they don't experience that their work is accepted in society. It is made clear from the result of the study that the power relation between the staff and participants are relatively equal but that the participants are conscious of the fact that the staff has the greater responsibility and in that way also the greater power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Disabilities, daily activities, working life, inclusion, belonging, empowerment
Keyword [sv]
Funktionsnedsättningar, daglig verksamhet, arbetsliv, delaktighet, tillhörighet
National Category
Sociology Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6985Local ID: ESC500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6985DiVA: diva2:763354
Subject / course
Social pedagogy
Educational program
Socialpedagogik
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-11-14 Created: 2014-11-14 Last updated: 2014-11-14Bibliographically approved

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