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Habituation models: can tinnitus be compared to anexternal sound?
Department of Psychology, University of Poitiers, France.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: / [ed] Professor Dr. Birgit Mazurek, Charité University Hospital, Berlin, 2014Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background:

The process of habituation often remains obscure to those patients most disturbed by tinnitus.

Since three decades, the Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) has promoted a habituation model (Hallam et al. 1984) founded on experimental data regarding the orienting response (OR) (Horvath 1980). Habituation of the OR is the natural extinction of attention to repeated identical stimuli which lose their ability to trigger orientation. Considering epidemiological data, the habituation model (Hallam & McKenna, 2006) hypothesizes that:

1. tolerance is “a natural and inevitable process” illustrated by three quarter of people with tinnitus;

2. annoyance is “a consequence of a failure to cease attending” to tinnitus, because of psycho-physiological factors that delay a natural process to occur (i.e., extinction of the OR)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keywords [en]
Tinnitus
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6967OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6967DiVA, id: diva2:762052
Conference
XI International Tinnitus Seminar 2014 21-24 May 2014, Berlin
Available from: 2014-11-10 Created: 2014-11-10 Last updated: 2014-11-10Bibliographically approved

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