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Economical Viability of Laser Metal Deposition
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1472-5489
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Manufacturing Processes. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9065-0741
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering. (Welding)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2560-0531
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th International Swedish Production Symposium 2014 / [ed] Stahre, Johan, Johansson, Björn & Björkman, Mats, 2014, 1-8 p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Reports on large economic savings using Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been found in literature when exploiting the positive capabilities of AM. This paper evaluates the economic potential of, the AM method, laser metal deposition (LMD) in production of add-on features compared to conventional manufacturing methods. This is done by theoretical case studies, which explore factors critical to the cost of manufacturing a jet engine flange. LMD has the potential to be an economical viable alternative to conventional manufacturing methods when the manufactured component has a high buy-to-fly ratio, the component is small and complex, if the operator time can be kept to a minimum, and/or when the design freedom of LMD can be capitalized into lighter and more efficient components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 1-8 p.
Keyword [en]
Laser metal deposition, additive manufacturing, economic, aerospace
National Category
Engineering and Technology Materials Engineering
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6835ISBN: 978-91-980974-1-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6835DiVA: diva2:755251
Conference
The 6th Swedish Production Symposium
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Additive Manufacturing using Alloy 718 Powder: Influence of Laser Metal Deposition Process Parameters on Microstructural Characteristics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Additive Manufacturing using Alloy 718 Powder: Influence of Laser Metal Deposition Process Parameters on Microstructural Characteristics
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Additive manufacturing (AM) is a general name used for production methodswhich have the capabilities of producing components directly from 3D computeraided design (CAD) data by adding material layer-by-layer until a final component is achieved. Included here are powder bed technologies, laminated object manufacturing and deposition technologies. The latter technology is used in this study.Laser metal deposition using powder as an additive (LMD-p) is an AM processwhich uses a multi-axis computer numerical control (CNC) machine or robot toguide the laser beam and powder nozzle over the deposition surface. Thecomponent is built by depositing adjacent beads layer by layer until thecomponent is completed. LMD-p has lately gained attention as a manufacturing method which can add features to semi-finished components or as a repair method. LMD-p introduce a low heat input compared to arc welding methods and is therefore well suited in applications where a low heat input is of an essence. For instance, in repair of sensitive parts where too much heating compromises the integrity of the part.The main part of this study has been focused on correlating the main processparameters to effects found in the material which in this project is the superalloy Alloy 718. It has been found that the most influential process parameters are the laser power, scanning speed, powder feeding rate and powder standoff distance and that these parameters has a significant effect on the dimensionalcharacteristics of the material such as height and width of a single deposit as wellas the straightness of the top surface and the penetration depth.To further understand the effects found in the material, temperaturemeasurements has been conducted using a temperature measurement methoddeveloped and evaluated in this project. This method utilizes a thin stainless steel sheet to shield the thermocouple from the laser light. This has proved to reduce the influence of the emitted laser light on the thermocouples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2015. 97 p.
Series
Licentiate Thesis: University West, 8
Keyword
Additive manufacturing, Laser metal deposition, powder, superalloy
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology; ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8796 (URN)978-91-87531-24-8 (ISBN)978-91-87531-25-5 (ISBN)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-14 Last updated: 2016-02-10Bibliographically approved

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