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Sense of coherence and depressive symptoms among low-incomeBedouin women in the Negev Israel
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
Ben-Gurion University of Negev.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3452-3761
Ben-Gurion University of Negev.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 307-311Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Higher sense of coherence (SOC) has been associated with lower depression in Western societies; however, it is not clear whether this association manifests similarly in non-Western cultural contexts.Aims: To examine the associations between different levels of SOC and depressive symptoms (DS) among indigenous-minority Arab Bedouin women in Israel and explore possible explanatory variables for this association.Methods: We conducted face-to-face interviews with 464 women (aged 18–49 years). DS was measured based on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. We used the SOC-13 questionnaire and conducted path analysis using Structural Equation Modeling to examine the contribution of two levels of SOC (low/high) to predict DS beyond psychological resources and socioeconomic position.Results: The mean score of SOC was 3.42, standard deviation (SD) = 1.15. While high SOC (mean = 4.38, SD = 0.66, range = 3.5–6.38) was positively and significantly associated with DS (r = 0.46), SOC was not associated (r = 0.02) with DS in the low SOC group (mean = 2.4, SD = 0.56, range = 1–3.42).Conclusions: Relationships between high versus low SOC and DS among Bedouin women differ from those found in Western societies. This raises questions about the use of SOC as a universal tool in different cultural contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 23, no 6, p. 307-311
Keywords [en]
sense of coherence, Bedouin women, depressive symptoms
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6592DOI: 10.3109/09638237.2014.951475ISI: 000345306700006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84911435161OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6592DiVA, id: diva2:743681
Note

Posted online on September 4, 2014

Available from: 2014-09-04 Created: 2014-09-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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