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Studenters upplevda stress inför det kommande arbetslivet: En kvantitativ studie bland sistaårsstudenter
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Students´ perceived stress for the future working life : A quantitative study among last year students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka i vilken mån intern respektive extern locus of control tillsammans med arbetslivserfarenhet kunde förklara variationen i grad av upplevd stress inför det kommande arbetslivet. Studien syftade även till att mäta grad av upplevd stress inför det kommande arbetslivet bland deltagarna. Studiens deltagare bestod av 45 sistaårsstudenter, huvudsakligen från Personalvetarprogrammet och Human Factors-programmet, vid Högskolan Väst. Studien var en kvantitativ enkätundersökning med tvärsnittsdesign. Enkäten bestod av bakgrundsfrågor, Rotters I-E scale och tre egenkonstruerade frågor beträffande stress inför det kommande arbetslivet. Studiens teoretiska bakgrund bestod av olika definitioner av stress och Julian B. Rotters begrepp locus of control. Data analyserades i en multipel regressionsanalys med locus of control, arbetslivserfarenhet inom utbildningsområdet och arbetslivserfarenhet totalt som oberoende variabler. Stress inför det kommande arbetslivet var beroendevariabeln. Studiens resultat, vilket gick i linje med tidigare forskning, visade att grad av intern respektive extern locus of control och arbetslivserfarenhet i viss mån kunde förklara variationen i grad av upplevd stress inför det kommande arbetslivet. Resultatet påvisade att ju högre grad av extern locus of control en individ hade, desto högre grad av stress inför det kommande arbetslivet upplevde individen. Resultatet visade även att ju längre arbetslivserfarenhet inom utbildningsområdet en individ hade, desto lägre grad av stress inför det kommande arbetslivet upplevde individen. Studiens resultat påvisade också en relativt hög grad av upplevd stress inför det kommande arbetslivet. Studiens författare fann ingen tidigare forskning kring upplevd stress inför det kommande arbetslivet. Studien bidrog därmed till ett breddat kunskapsfält inom området

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to examine to what extent internal and external locus of control along with work experience could predict the degree of perceived stress for the future working life. The study also aimed to measure the degree of perceived stress for the coming working life among the participants. The study participants consisted of 45 last year students, mainly from the programs Human Resource Management and Human Factors, at University West. The study was a quantitative survey with a cross-sectional design. The questionnaire consisted of background questions, Rotter’s I-E scale, and three self-constructed questions about the stress of the future working life. The theoretical background consisted of various researchers’ definition of stress and Julian B. Rotter’s concept of locus of control. Data were analyzed in a multiple regression analysis with locus of control, work experience in the field of education and work experience in total as independent variables. Stress for the coming working life was the dependent variable. The study results, which were in line with previous research, showed

2

that the degree of internal versus external locus of control and work experience, to some extent could predict the degree of perceived stress for the future working life. The results indicated that the higher degree of external locus of control an individual had, the higher the level of stress for the coming working life experienced by the individual. The results also showed that the longer work experience in the area for the education, the lower the degree of stress for future working life. The study results also showed a relatively high degree of perceived stress for the coming working life. The authors of the study found no previous research on perceived stress for the future working life. The study thus contributed to a broader field of knowledge in the area

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
stress, future working life, locus of control, work experience, last year students, university
Keywords [sv]
stress, kommande arbetsliv, locus of control, arbetslivserfarenhet, sistaårsstudenter, högskola
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6454Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6454DiVA, id: diva2:732850
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-07-07 Created: 2014-07-07 Last updated: 2014-07-07Bibliographically approved

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