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Difficulties in everyday life: Young persons with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorders perspectives. A chat-log analysis.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5705-5705
he Vårdal Institute, Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 9, 23376- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study focuses on the everyday life of young persons with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are follow-up studies describing ADHD, and ASD in adults, and residual impairments that affect life. Few qualitative studies have been conducted on the subject of their experiences of everyday life, and even fewer are from young persons' perspectives. This study's aim was to describe how young persons with ADHD and ASD function and how they manage their everyday life based on analyses of Internet-based chat logs. Twelve young persons (7 males and 5 females aged 15-26) diagnosed with ADHD and ASD were included consecutively and offered 8 weeks of Internet-based Support and Coaching (IBSC). Data were collected from 12 chat logs (445 pages of text) produced interactively by the participants and the coaches. Qualitative content analysis was applied. The text was coded and sorted into subthemes and further interpreted into themes. The findings revealed two themes: "fighting against an everyday life lived in vulnerability" with the following subthemes: "difficult things," "stress and rest," and "when feelings and thoughts are a concern"; and the theme "struggling to find a life of one's own" with the following subthemes: "decide and carry out," "making life choices," and "taking care of oneself." Dealing with the problematic situations that everyday encompasses requires personal strength and a desire to find adequate solutions, as well as to discover a role in society. This study, into the provision of support and coaching over the Internet, led to more in-depth knowledge about these young persons' everyday lives and revealed their ability to use IBSC to express the complexity of everyday life for young persons with ADHD and ASD. The implications of the findings are that using online coaching makes available new opportunities for healthcare professionals to acknowledge these young persons' problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, 23376- p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, Internet-based support, autism, coaching, content analysis, everyday life, vulnerability, young persons
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6295DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v9.23376ISI: 000336908700001PubMedID: 24875238Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84902362438OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6295DiVA: diva2:721788
Available from: 2014-06-05 Created: 2014-06-05 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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More styles
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