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Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale and the relation with health: a systematic review
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3452-3761
Nordic School of Public Health.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 60, no 5, 376-381 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Study objective

The aim of this paper is to synthesise empirical findings on the salutogenic concept sense of coherence (SOC) and examine its capacity to explain health and its dimensions.

Design

The study is descriptive and analytical with a systematic integration of the contemporary knowledge base on the salutogenic research published 1992–2003. The review includes 458 scientific publications and 13 doctoral theses.

Setting

Worldwide, based on postgraduate scientific publications in eight authorised databases, doctoral theses, and available books.

Main results

SOC is strongly related to perceived health, especially mental health. The stronger the SOC the better the perceived health in general, at least for those with an initial high SOC. This relation is manifested in study populations regardless of age, sex, ethnicity, nationality, and study design. SOC seems to have a main, moderating or mediating role in the explanation of health. Furthermore, the SOC seems to be able to predict health. SOC is an important contributor for the development and maintenance of people's health but does not alone explain the overall health.

Conclusion

SOC seems to be a health promoting resource, which strengthens resilience and develops a positive subjective state of health. Salutogenesis is a valuable approach for health promotion and would be worth to implement in practice much more than to date.

Keywords: Antonovsky, salutogenesis, sense of coherence, health promotion

This paper continues to review, analyse, and synthesise the evidence base of research on the sense of coherence (SOC) concept in the light of 25 years of research undertaken by the authors.1,2,3,4 The main purpose is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the SOC concept from research between 1992–2003. This is a relevant contribution to health promotion and public health research. It is necessary to get deeper knowledge about the interaction between SOC and socioeconomic characteristics like age, sex, social class, and how SOC might be related to physical and mental health. Are there any relations and does the SOC have an impact on health at all?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 60, no 5, 376-381 p.
Keyword [en]
Antonovsky, salutogenesis, sense of coherence, health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6263DOI: 10.1136/jech.2005.041616OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6263DiVA: diva2:719269
Available from: 2014-05-23 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2015-02-03Bibliographically approved

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