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Humor inom omvårdnad: En kvalitativ studie om hur undersköterskor använder humor i arbetet med äldre patienter
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Humor in nursing care : a qualitative study of how nurses use humor in the work with elderly patients (English)
Abstract [sv]

Humor kan vara ett meningsfullt element inom omvårdnaden som bidrar till att relationen mellan undersköterskan och vårdtagaren förbättras. Tidigare forskning påvisar att humor hjälper till att öka välbefinnandet hos vårdtagare och har en läkande effekt. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att studera om humor och skratt har betydelse inom omvårdnaden, och undersöka hur undersköterskan använder humor i omvårdnadsarbetet. Studien gjordes utifrån kvalitativa ansatser, och som analysmetod användes tematisk analys. Datainsamlingen skedde genom intervjuer med sex undersköterskor på två äldreboende, fyra på det ena och två på det andra. Resultatet redovisas genom de tre teman som identifierades i analysen. Dessa teman är 1, Humor som kommunikativt redskap 2, Humor för patientens välbefinnande 3, Humor som balansakt. Sammanfattningsvis tycks humor kunna ha en positiv inverkan och öka patentens välbefinnande, under förutsättning att vårdgivaren använder det efter patients behov och i rätt situation. Det framkom även att humor kunde användas för att undvika obehagliga och känsliga situationer

Abstract [en]

Humor can be a significant element in the health care that contributes to the improvement of the relationship between the assistant nurse and the patient. Previous research indicates that humor can adversely impact health and well-being of patients and has a healing effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of humor and laughter in health care teams, and to explore how the nurses use humor in their work. The study was based on qualitative approaches, and the method of analysis used was thematic analysis. Data collection was done by interviewing six nurses from two nursing homes, four at one and two at the other. The results are reported by the three themes identified in the analysis. These themes are 1, Humor as a communicative tool 2, Humor for patient comfort 3, Humor as a balancing act. In conclusion, humor can have a positive impact and increase the well-being of the patients, provided that the caregivers use it for patient needs and in the right situation. Humor could also be used to avoid unpleasant and sensitive situations

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
humor, laughing, nursing, patient, health, communication
Keywords [sv]
Humor, skratt, omvårdnad, patient, hälsa, kommunikation
National Category
Other Social Sciences Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6009ISRN: PSE500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6009DiVA, id: diva2:703308
Subject / course
Social science
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-06 Created: 2014-03-06 Last updated: 2014-03-06Bibliographically approved

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