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The significance of the sense of coherence for various coping resources in stress situations used by police officers in on-the-beat service
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8562-5610
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. (LINA)
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, ISSN 1232-1087, E-ISSN 1896-494X, Vol. 27, no 1, 3-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundPolice officers meet many stressors as part of their occupation. The psychological resource "sense of coherence" (SOC) protects against ill-health, but its impact on coping resources for stress situations has not been studied in the population of police officers. Different approaches to investigate the significance of SOC for different outcomes have been identified in literature, leading to some difficulties in the interpretation and generalization of results. The aim was therefore to explore SOC and the coping resources, and to examine the significance of SOC for various coping resources for stress using different models in a sample of Swedish police officers providing on-the-beat service.

Materials and MethodsOne hundred and one police officers (age: mean = 33 years, SD = 8; 29 females) were included, and the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (SOC-29) and the Coping Resources Inventory (CRI) were used. The dependent variable in each regression analysis was one of the coping resources: cognitive, social, emotional, spiritual/philosophical, physical, and a global resource. Global SOC-29 and/or its components (comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness) were investigated as independent variables.

ResultsAll CRI and SOC-29 scores except for that of spiritual/philosophical resources were higher than those of reference groups. Manageability was the most important component of SOC for various coping resources in stress situations used by police officers.

ConclusionA deeper study of manageability will give useful information, because this component of SOC is particularly significant in the variation in resources used by police officers to cope with stress. Salutogenesis, the origin of well-being, should be more in focus of future research on workplaces with a high level of occupational stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 27, no 1, 3-15 p.
Keyword [en]
SOC, Comprehensibility, Manageability, Meaningfulness, CRI, Police officers, Work-integrated learning, WIL
Keyword [sv]
AIL
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5910DOI: 10.2478/s13382-014-0227-2ISI: 000333338500002PubMedID: 24488774Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84898799942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-5910DiVA: diva2:695703
Projects
Significance of human factors such as self-esteem, personality traits, sense of coherence and coping resources for attitudes to crisis management
Note

This work was performed within a project DNR 2012/1196 B 22 entitled “Significance of human factors such as self-esteem, personality traits, sense of coherence and coping resources for attitudes to crisis management”. Project Manager: Anna M., Dåderman, M.D., Ph.D., Associate Professor.Online 11 Januari 2014

Available from: 2014-02-12 Created: 2014-02-12 Last updated: 2015-04-20Bibliographically approved

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