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A personality and gender perspective on adherence and health-related quality of life in people with asthma and/or allergic rhinitis.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5493-8334
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7804-0342
University of Gothenburg, Krefting Research Centre, Institute of Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
2014 (English)In: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, ISSN 2327-6924, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 32-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: Poor adherence to medication treatment for asthma and allergic rhinitis could challenge a positive health outcome. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important measure of health outcome. Both personality and gender could influence adherence and perceptions of HRQL. The purpose was to clarify the role of personality and gender in relation to adherence and HRQL in people with asthma and/or rhinitis.

DATA SOURCES: Participants (n = 180) with asthma and allergic rhinitis, selected from a population-based study, filled out questionnaires on the five-factor model personality traits-neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness-HRQL, and adherence to medication treatment. Data were statistically analyzed using t-tests, Mann-Whitney tests, bivariate correlations, and multiple regressions.

CONCLUSIONS: Personality traits were associated with adherence to medication treatment in men. The influence of personality traits on HRQL also differed between men and women. These differences suggest that both a personality and gender perspective should be considered when planning care support aimed at improving adherence and HRQL in people living with asthma and/or allergic rhinitis.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: It is suggested that both a personality and gender perspective be taken into account in care support aimed at improving adherence and HRQL in people with asthma and allergic rhinitis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 26, no 1, p. 32-39
Keyword [en]
residual stresses, weld, fatigue, high strength steel
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5697DOI: 10.1002/2327-6924.12069ISI: 000337522800006PubMedID: 24170656Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84898470331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-5697DiVA, id: diva2:663386
Note

Article first published online: 27 AUG 2013

Available from: 2013-11-11 Created: 2013-11-07 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved

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Axelsson, MalinBrink, Eva

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