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"Beroendet handlar om relation": En studie om synen på substansmissbruksproblematik bland yrkesverksamma inom missbruksvård och förebyggande arbete.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sveriges missbruksproblematik är idag avsevärd och växande. Studier och utredningar har visat att allt fler individer undviker att söka hjälp för missbruksproblem. Det uppfattas inte bara finnas hinder för att blir missbruksfri utan också för att söka hjälp inom missbruksvården. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur behandlare inom olika verksamheter uppfattar att substansmissbruk utvecklas och vilka hinder som uppstår i behandlingsprocessen. Syftet var även att undersöka hur det i Sverige idag arbetas för att motverka substansmissbruk. Sex deltagare som arbetade inom behandlingsverksamheter eller i förebyggande verksamheter intervjuades. Samtliga intervjuer analyserades kvalitativt med hjälp av tematisk analys. Därefter sammanställdes analyserna för att kunna analyseras mer omfattande. Resultat visade att positiva sociala alternativ sågs som avgörande för att komma ur ett missbruk. Substansmissbrukarna hade ofta psykiska och sociala besvär bakom sig i livet, som hindrade individerna att etablera fungerande sociala relationer. Det framkom även att kommunikationsbrister bland nätverkande verksamheter skapade hinder för patienterna under behandling, vilket kunde uttryckas i missförstånd och feldiagnoser. Slutsatsen av studien var att behandlingsprocesser borde fokusera mer på substansmissbrukares möjlighet till sociala relationer om individerna ska lyckas läka. Utvecklingsmöjligheterna för verksamheterna och framför allt behandlare borde också uppmärksammas, där behandlarnas erfarenhetskunskaper borde ges mer utrymme att påverka framtida behandlingsinsatser.

Abstract [en]

Sweden's substance abuse problems are significant and continuously growing. Studies and surveys have shown that an increasing number of people avoid seeking help for their addiction. Not only does there seem to exist obstacles for becoming abstinent, but there’re also obstacles regarding the seeking of help for addiction treatment. The aim of the study was to investigate how therapists in different establishments perceive how substance abuse develops and the obstacles that arise in the treatment procedures. The aim was also to examine how Sweden today is working regarding the prevention of substance abuse. Six participants who worked with treatment or preventive measures were interviewed in the study. All the interviews were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. These were compiled together for a more extensive analysis. Results showed that positive social options were shown to be the key to getting out of an addiction. Substance abusers often had psychological and social issues in their past life that prevented them from establishing healthy social relationships. The study also revealed that communication deficiency among networking establishments created barriers for patients during treatment, which were expressed in misunderstandings and misdiagnoses. The conclusion of the study was that the treatment procedures should focus more on the abusers possibility of creating social relations if individuals were to successfully heal. The development potential for establishments and especially therapists should also be paid attention to, where the therapists' working experience should be given more opportunity to influence future treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
abuse, addiction, barriers, communication, relationships, treatment, prevention
Keyword [sv]
missbruk, beroende, hinder, kommunikation, relationer, behandling, förebygga
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5527OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-5527DiVA: diva2:633586
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Human factor
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-07-02 Created: 2013-06-27 Last updated: 2013-07-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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