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Case analyses of all children's drowning deaths occurring in Sweden 1998-2007
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agcy, Karlstad.
Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
Karlstad Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci.
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2013 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 174-179Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The goal of this research project was to explore circumstances surrounding each drowning death occurring to children and adolescents ages 0-17 in Sweden during the years 1998-2007. Methods: Records from the National Board of Forensic Medicine (NBFM) and other sources were analysed. We collected information on children's personal characteristics (sex, age, ethnic background, weight, height, physical condition, and pre-existing health conditions) and the circumstances of deaths (time and place of occurrence, type of drowning, resuscitation efforts and medical care given, for example). We also collected information on prevention factors: the physical environment, adult supervision, whether or not the child could swim, and if the child was using a personal flotation device at the time of death. Results: Our analysis showed that 109 children had drowned in Sweden during the study period - of this group, 96 had died from unintentional causes. Children from immigrant backgrounds, particularly with families coming from the Middle East and Iran, were inordinately represented in the group of victims who had died from unintentional drowning deaths. Other risk factors included: coming from a single parent-headed family, alcohol use by older victims and a lack of ability to swim. Conclusions: Prevention efforts to prevent drowning in the future should focus on preventing alcohol use by young bathers; better fencing around swimming sites; improved coverage of swimming lessons to all children in Sweden, especially children from immigrant families; more education on drowning risks for single parents; and better awareness by adults on the need for constant supervision of children and adolescents in and near water.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 41, no 2, p. 174-179
Keywords [en]
Children, drowning, Sweden, prevention
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5213DOI: 10.1177/1403494812471156ISI: 000315233100009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84876461790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-5213DiVA, id: diva2:613330
Note

This study was supported by the Swedish Research Council (grant number 2007-3011). London

Available from: 2013-03-27 Created: 2013-03-27 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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