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Translation and testing of the Risk Assessment Pressure Ulcer Sore scale used among residents in Norwegian nursing homes
Department of Health and Nursing Sciences, University of Adger.
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3158-9981
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4722-009X
2012 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 2, no 5, p. e001575-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The purpose of this study was to translate and test the psychometric properties of the Norwegian language version of the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore (RAPS) scale.

Background: Risk assessment scales for pressure ulcer (PU) prevention have become an aspect of quality improvement in healthcare, but their effectiveness depends on the reliability and validity of the scale.

Methods: A convenience sample of 481 residents in 15 nursing homes in rural Norway was included between January and June 2007. The English-language version of the RAPS scale was translated into Norwegian, and this scale was used to collect the data, including a skin  examination. The number of PUs and grades were documented. Reliability was assessed in a small group of 26 residents and construct validity in the total study group.

Results: Equivalence between two assessments regarding total scores of the RAPS scale was reflected in an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.95. Construct validity was supported, and the RAPS scale could define groups with expected low and high scores. Further evidence of construct validity was shown in a confirmatory factor analysis.

Conclusion: The Norwegian version of the RAPS scale has shown sufficient psychometric properties to be considered a reliable and valid scale for identifying risk of PUs among nursing home residents. However, further testing is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Group , 2012. Vol. 2, no 5, p. e001575-
Keywords [en]
Risk Assessment Pressure Sore (RAPS) scale
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4765DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001575ISI: 000315053900088Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84869770857OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-4765DiVA, id: diva2:562798
Available from: 2012-10-26 Created: 2012-10-26 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Söderhamn, OlleCliffordson, Christina

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