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Genusskillnader inom inre och yttre motivation
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Motivation är viktigt för människor, både i arbetslivet och livet generellt. Motivation kan huvudsakligen indelas i inre och yttre motivation, beroende på vilken avsikt individen haft med sina handlingar. En individ som drivs av inre motivation till en handling, utför den eftersom själva aktiviteten upplevs som intressant eller tillfredsställande. Handlingar baserade på yttre motivation har sin grund i något annat än själva aktiviteten, exempelvis ekonomisk belöning. Syftet med studien var att jämföra möjliga skillnader mellan manliga respektive kvinnliga högskolelärare avseende inre och yttre motivation. I studien undersöktes även om typen av motivation som ansågs som viktig samtidigt upplevdes som väl uppfylld eller inte. Studien var kvantitativ och utgick ifrån Deci och Ryans teori om självbestämmande (SDT) vid utformningen av enkätfrågorna. I studien ingick 296 högskolelärare och svarsfrekvensen var på 47 %. Studiens resultat visade att kvinnorna värderade samtliga motivationsfaktorer utom en signifikant högre än männen. Därmed var Ekonomisk belöning den enda motivationsfaktor där skillnaderna inte var signifikanta. Resultatet visade också att de deltagare som värderade en motivationsfaktor som viktig och samtidigt uppfylld i hög grad var i klar majoritet. Väldigt få deltagare värderade en typ av motivationsfaktor som viktig och samtidigt uppfylld i låg grad.

Abstract [en]

Motivation is important for people, both in work-life and life in general. Motivation can mainly be divided into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, which depends on the intentions behind the individual’s actions. An individual with intrinsic motivation performs an activity because it is based on interest and satisfaction. Actions based on extrinsic motivation are founded on something other than the activity itself for example economic reward. The aim of the study was to compare possible differences between male and female university teachers regarding intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The study also examined whether a type of motivation was valued as important and at the same time fulfilled. The study had a quantative approach and the design of the questions in the questionnaire was based on Deci and Ryan’s theory of self-determination (SDT). The study included 296 university teachers and the response rate was 47 %. The results of the study showed that the women valued all but one of the motivational factors significantly higher than the men. Thereby the motivational factor Economic reward was the only one where the differences were not significant. The results also showed that the participants who valued a motivational factor as important and at the same time were fulfilled to a high extent were in a large majority. Very few of the participants valued a type of motivational factor as important and also were fulfilled to a low extent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, SDT, gender
Keyword [sv]
motivation, inre motivation, yttre motivation, SDT, kön
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-4743DiVA: diva2:560172
Subject / course
Occupational & organizational psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-10-26 Created: 2012-10-12 Last updated: 2012-10-26Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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