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Nursing students' perspectives on the patient and the impact of the nursing culture: a meta-synthesis
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3593-4511
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0305-8649
2012 (English)In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, ISSN 0966-0429, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 771-781Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

To explore and interpret how nursing students develop their understanding of the patient as a human being.

Background

Understanding the patient is the main characteristic of good, caring performance. In addition, nurse leaders play an active role in creating a culture in which nursing students can flourish and improve.

Method

This meta-synthesis was based on Noblit and Hare's meta-ethnography.

Results

The overarching metaphor was interpreted as the nursing students' capacity for compassion. Two central metaphors were revealed, based on how nursing students developed their understanding of the patient as a human being. These central metaphors were labelled ‘The open door’, comprising seven key metaphors and ‘The closed door’ based on two key metaphors.

Conclusion

During practical training, the students observed both virtuous and unkind nurses. Virtue is a skill that can be taught, but not all students were able to learn it. Some students acquired the ability to reflect on ethical issues, while others did not. Therefore, good role models are of major importance.

Implication for nursing management

The nurse leader should function as a facilitator in the students' efforts to gain the capacity to face the suffering patient and to develop an understanding of the patient's situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no 6, p. 771-781
Keyword [en]
character, compassion, meta-synthesis, virtue, vulnerability
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4601DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01470.xISI: 000308640800006Scopus ID: s2.0-84866145150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-4601DiVA, id: diva2:549689
Available from: 2012-09-05 Created: 2012-09-05 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Rudolfsson, GudrunBerggren, Ingela

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