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Norms and social hierarchies: Understanding international policy diffusion "from below"
University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2066-3616
2012 (English)In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 66, no 2, 179-209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims to rethink the operation of norms in international policy diffusion. Norms do not simply standardize state behaviors, as is conventionally argued; norms also draw on and set up hierarchical social orders among states. Through a conceptual rethinking we gain a better understanding of where-among which states-new policies may first emerge: social hierarchies create incentives for new policies to develop at the margins of international society so that policies may diffuse "from below." We also get a better grasp of how policy advocates frame the appropriateness or benefits of a new state practice: they must frame policy demands in terms of the international standing and rank of the targeted state. This article's empirical aspiration is to use these insights to help account for the international policy diffusion of legal sex quotas, a policy to increase the level of female legislators that developed first among "developing" states rather than among the so-called core of international society. By pointing to the link between norms and social hierarchy, the article helps account for policy diffusion "from below." © 2012 The IO Foundation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 66, no 2, 179-209 p.
Keyword [en]
norms, hierarchy, social stratification, sex quotas, gender quotas, policy diffusion
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Political science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4524DOI: 10.1017/S0020818312000045ISI: 000302432000001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84860543593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-4524DiVA: diva2:542608
Available from: 2012-08-02 Created: 2012-08-01 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved

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