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Räddningsledningens upplevelser av ledning under svåra förhållanden
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Samhällsstörningar i form av större olyckor, naturkatastrofer och liknande kriser har under senare år varit relativt frekvent förekommande i Västsverige. Denna kvalitativa studies övergripande syfte var därför att fördjupa kunskapen om vissa avgränsande faktorer som upplevdes som underlättande respektive försvårande med avseende på ledarskapet vid hanteringen av orkanen Gudrun samt vid raset av Europaväg 6 i Munkedals kommun. Ett delsyfte med studien var även att koppla studiens resultat mot Ronthys (2006) teori om ledarintelligens. Underlaget för studien utgjordes främst av hur personer i ledande ställning inom räddningsorganisationen upplevt dessa händelser, något som författaren fick ta del av genom sju semistrukturerade intervjuer. Av de intervjuade var sex män och en kvinna, åldersfördelningen varierade mellan 40 till 65 år. Samtliga deltagare var väl erfarna inom krishanteringsområdet med minst tio års arbetslivserfarenhet. Insamlad data analyserades med tematisk analys. De styrkor med avseende på ledarskapet som framkom av studien var vikten av att ha ett gemensamt mål, väl definierade roller, erfarenhet, gemensam struktur, möjlighet att distansera sig, att organisationerna fanns samlade samt att avlösningar finns tillgängliga. Svårigheter med avseende på ledarskapet som påpekades, var att deltagarna ställdes inför ovana situationer, osäkerhetsfaktorer, konflikter, emotionell påverkan samt att det kunde vara problem med att kunna tillgodose basbehov. Resultatet visade även på de många krav som ställdes på ledarna, exempelvis sakkunskaper och sociala kompetenser som ödmjukhet och förmåga att inge lugn och förtroende hos sina medarbetare. Slutligen visade resultatet på vikten av fortsatta övningar och kompetensutvecklingsbehovet hos de ledare som har till uppgift att hantera krissituationer, vilket bör beaktas inför kommande händelser som ställer krav på ett långvarigt ledningsarbete.

Abstract [en]

Community disturbances in the form of major accidents, natural disasters and similar emergencies have in recent years been relatively frequent in western Sweden. This qualitative study’s overall aim was to expand the knowledge concerning some delimiting factors perceived as being facilitating or aggravating for the leadership in the handling of hurricane Gudrun and the collapse of the European Highway 6 in Munkedal. A lesser aim of the study was to connect this study's results to Ronthy’s (2006) theory of leadership intelligence. The basis for this study consisted mainly of how the management personnel in the rescue organization experienced these events, which the author got acquainted to through seven semi-structured interviews. Of those interviewed were six men and one woman, and the age distribution ranged from 40 to 65 years. All participants were well experienced in crisis management with at least ten years of work experience. Collected data were analyzed by thematic analysis. The strengths of leadership that emerged from the study was the importance of having a common objective, well-defined roles, experience, common structure, the opportunity to distance oneself, that the organizations were in place, and personnel replacing available. Difficulties with respect to leadership, as noted, was that the participants were faced with unfamiliar situations, uncertainties, conflicts, emotional impact, and that there could be problems to meet basic needs. The results also showed the many demands made on the leaders, such as expertise and social skills such as humility and ability to produce harmony and trust among employees. Finally, the results showed the importance of continued training and the professional development needs of the leaders who are working in crisis management organizations, which should be considered for future events that require a long-term management work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
leadership, crisis management, leadership intelligence, natural disaster, preparedness
Keyword [sv]
ledarskap, krishantering, ledarintelligens, naturkatastrof, förberedelser
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-4483DiVA: diva2:540351
Subject / course
Psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-08-13 Created: 2012-07-09 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Elin Dahlgren(484 kB)398 downloads
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  • apa
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