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Moral development, Executive Functioning, Peak Experiences and Brain Pattern in Professional and Amateur Classical Musicians. Interpretation in light of a Unified Field Theory of Performance
Oslo University College.
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development. (KLOK (Kvalitet i Lärande OrganisationsKultur)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5545-5457
2011 (English)In: Consciousness and Cognition, ISSN 1053-8100, E-ISSN 1090-2376, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 1256-1264Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study compared professional and amateur classical musicians matched for age, gender, and education on reaction times during the Stroop color-word test, brainwaves during an auditory ERP task and during paired reaction-time tasks, responses on the Gibbs Sociomoral Reflection questionnaire, and self-reported frequencies of peak experiences. Professional musicians were characterized by: (1) lower color-word interference effects (Stroop task), (2) faster categorization of rare expected stimuli (P3b), and a trend for faster processing of rare unexpected stimuli (P3a), (3) higher scores on the Sociomoral Reflection questionnaire, and (4) more frequent peak experiences during rest, tasks, and sleep. Both groups had high values on the Brain Integration Scale. These findings are interpreted in light of a Unified Theory of Performance, which posits that effectiveness in any area is influenced by one’s level of mind-brain development—emotional, cognitive, moral, ego and cortical development—with higher mind-brain development supporting greater effectiveness in any domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 20, no 4, p. 1256-1264
Keywords [en]
stroop color-word task, coherence, P300, Peak experience, moral reasoning, musician
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE; ENGINEERING, Quality management; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3808DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2011.03.020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3808DiVA, id: diva2:451780
Available from: 2011-10-27 Created: 2011-10-27 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Lagrosen, Yvonne

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