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Med hälsa som vapen: En studie i långsiktigt hälsoarbete för personalen inom privat omsorg
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna kvalitativa studies syfte var att undersöka hur ett privatägt omsorgsföretag arbetar långsiktigt med personalens fysiska och psykiska hälsa samt hur personalen upplever hälsoarbetet och sin fysiska och psykiska hälsa på arbetsplatsen. Då verksamheten i första hand beskrevs som brukarstyrd var det intressant att undersöka hur ett företag kan arbeta aktivt med personalens hälsa utan att det inkräktar på den brukarstyrda verksamheten. Detta var vid studiens genomförande ett relativt outforskat område inom arbetshälsoforskningen. Genom enskilda intervjuer med två personer ur ledningen, och genom två parintervjuer med fyra personer ur personalen kartlade författarna hur företaget arbetar långsiktigt med personalens hälsa samt hur personalen upplever hälsan på arbetet. Resultatet bearbetades med hjälp av en analysmetod beskriven av Kvale och Brinkmann (2009). Resultaten visade att företagets långsiktiga strategi bygger på att satsningar görs för att förebygga ohälsa på ett tidigt plan. Personalen uppmuntras genom ett flertal aktiviteter till en sund livsstil. Genom systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete, tydliga handlingsplaner, arbetsordningar samt kompetensutveckling skapas säkerhet och trygghet för personalen, vilket främjar personalens fysiska och psykiska hälsa. Resultaten visade även att personalen upplever sig ha en god fysisk och psykisk hälsa. Dock uppfattar inte personalen i vissa lägen hälsoarbetet lika positivt som ledningen. Personalen saknar stöd från ledningen i konfliktsituationer på arbetsplatsen och då det handlar om psykiska påfrestningar i arbetet. Resultaten visade även att ledningen ibland inte når ut till personalen då det gäller syftet med hälsofrämjande åtgärder. Författarna hoppas att resultatet från denna studie kan bli en inspiration i fortsatt hälsoarbete för såväl det studerade företaget som för andra företag.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how a privately owned health care company works with employee work health, both physical and mental health, in a long-term perspective. The purpose was also to investigate how the employees perceive the company's health work and their own physical and mental work health. Since the main purpose of the business was described as caring for the people that live in the company's houses, it is interesting to investigate how a company like this also can work when it comes to caring for the employees without neglecting the company business. At the time of this study this was a relatively unexplored area in the work health research. By doing individual interviews with two persons from the company's management and two interviews in pairs with four of the company's employees the authors were able to chart how the company works in a long-term perspective concerning employee health and also how the employees interpret the health status at their workplace. The results were analyzed using an analysis described by Kvale and Brinkmann (2009). The results showed that the long-term strategy of the company rests on preventive health investments at an early stage. The employees are encouraged to a healthy lifestyle by several activities arranged by the company. By actively applying a systematic work environment strategy, manifestive plans of action, working regulations and capacity building, safety and comfort can be created, which enhance the physical and mental health of the employees. The results also showed that the employees perceive the company's health work as positive and feel both physically and mentally well at their workplace. However at certain aspects the employees did not think as well of the company's health work as the management did. The employees lacked support from the management in situations of conflict at the workplace and in situations of mental strain at work. The results also showed that the management at times doesn't give enough information of the purpose of the health maintenance investments that are made. The authors of this study hope that the results can work as an inspiration for further health work to the studied company as well as for other companies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Long-term, work health, work environment, strategic health work, salutogenic perspective
Keyword [sv]
Långsiktig, personalhälsa, arbetsmiljö, strategiskt hälsoarbete, hälsofrämjande, förebyggande hälsoarbete
National Category
Psychology Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3760DiVA: diva2:446338
Subject / course
Occupational & organizational psychology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-10-07 Created: 2011-10-06 Last updated: 2011-10-07Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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