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The influence of personality traits on reported adherence to medication in individuals with chronic disease: An Epidemiological study in West Sweden
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5493-8334
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7804-0342
University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology.
University of Gothenburg, Krefting Research Centre, Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Limited research exists exploring the influence of personality on adherence behaviour. Since non-adherence is a major obstacle in treating prevalent chronic diseases the aim was to determine whether personality traits are related to reported adherence to medication in individuals with chronic disease. Methodology/Principal Findings: Individuals with chronic disease (n = 749) were identified in a random population sample of 5000 inhabitants aged 30-70 in two municipalities in West Sweden. Data on five personality traits, Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to experiences, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness, and medication adherence behaviour was collected by questionnaires. Statistical analyses resulted in a negative relationship between Neuroticism and medication adherence (P<0.001), while both Agreeableness (P<0.001) and Conscientiousness (P<0.001) were positively related to adherence. At high levels of Conscientiousness, low adherence was related to higher scores in Neuroticism. At high levels of Agreeableness, low adherence was related to low scores in Conscientiousness and high scores in Openness to experiences. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that multiple personality traits are of significant importance for adherence behaviour in individuals with chronic disease. The findings suggest that several personality traits may interact in influencing adherence behaviour. Personality traits could putatively be used to focus efforts to educate and support patients with high risk of low medical adherence. © 2011 Axelsson et al.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 6, no 3
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3305DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018241ISBN: 19326203 (ISSN) (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3305DiVA, id: diva2:413545
Available from: 2011-04-28 Created: 2011-04-28 Last updated: 2018-10-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Personality and adherence to medication treatment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personality and adherence to medication treatment
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Striving for improved adherence to medication treatment is of vital concern, as low adherence is a major obstacle in treating many prevalent chronic diseases. Several factors have been identified that seem to influence adherence behaviour, but limited research exists on the significance of personality for adherence to medication treatment. According to the Five-Factor Model (FFM), personality can be described in terms of five broad personality traits: Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness to experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. Reports on health-related quality of life (HRQL), asthma control and selfefficacy may also be influenced by personality. Therefore, the overall aim of the present research project was to explore the significance of personality traits in relation to adherence to medication treatment and asthma control, health-related quality of life and self-efficacy. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 2011. p. 65
Keywords
Five-factor model, personality traits, medication adherence, chronic disease
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3846 (URN)ISBN 978-91-628-8321-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-16, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-01-02 Created: 2011-11-15 Last updated: 2012-01-02Bibliographically approved

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