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Illness perception and fatigue after myocardial infarction
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8291-7223
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Institute of Health and Care Sciences at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , 2009. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
anxiety, depression, fatigue, health-related quality of life, illness perception, myocardial infarction
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2239OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-2239DiVA, id: diva2:299925
Public defence
(English)
Available from: 2010-02-24 Created: 2010-02-24 Last updated: 2016-06-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Living with incomprehensible fatigue after recent myocardial infarction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living with incomprehensible fatigue after recent myocardial infarction
2008 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 64, no 5, p. 459-468Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley, 2008
Keywords
fatigue, grounded theory, incomprehensible fatigue, interviews, myocardial infarction, nursing
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1495 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04776.x (DOI)
Available from: 2009-05-08 Created: 2009-05-08 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. Illness perceptions after myocardial infarction: relations to fatigue, emotional distress, and health-related quality of life
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Illness perceptions after myocardial infarction: relations to fatigue, emotional distress, and health-related quality of life
Show others...
2010 (English)In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 25, no 2, p. E1-E10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and RESEARCH Objective: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is impaired in patients after a myocardial infarction (MI), and fatigue and depression are common health complaints among these patients. Patients' own beliefs about their illness (illness perceptions) influence health behavior and health outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine illness perception and its association with self-reported HRQoL, fatigue, and emotional distress among patients with MI. Subjects and Methods: The sample consisted of 204 patients who had had MI and who completed the questionnaires during the first week in the hospital and 4 months after the MI. The questionnaires used were the Illness Perception Questionnaire, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Results: Patient's illness perception changed over time from a more acute to a more chronic perception of illness, and beliefs in personal and treatment control of MI had decreased. Furthermore, these negative beliefs were associated with worse experiences of fatigue and lowered HRQoL. Conclusions: Patients' illness perceptions influence health outcomes after an MI. Supporting MI patients in increasing their perception of personal control could be a primary nursing strategy in rehabilitation programs aimed at facilitating health behavior, decreasing experiences of fatigue, and increasing HRQoL. Copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Keywords
Depression, Fatigue, Health-related quality of life, Illness perception, Myocardial infarction
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2238 (URN)10.1097/JCN.0b013e3181c6dcfd (DOI)
Available from: 2010-02-24 Created: 2010-02-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
3. Fatigue after myocardial infarction: Relationships with indices of emotional distress, and sociodemographic and clinical variables
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fatigue after myocardial infarction: Relationships with indices of emotional distress, and sociodemographic and clinical variables
Show others...
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 326-334Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fatigue and depressive symptoms are relatively common among patients recovering from myocardial infarction (MI). The symptoms of depression and fatigue overlap. The present study aimed at identifying patient fatigue and at examining the incidence of fatigue, particularly without coexisting depression, after MI. The sample comprised 204 consecutive patients who had completed the questionnaires Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory–20 after MI (1 week and 4 months). The results showed that fatigue had decreased after 4 months compared with the time of MI onset. Compared with the general population, patients reported significantly higher levels of fatigue. Furthermore, fatigue was associated with depression, but 33% of the sample reported fatigue without coexisting depression after 4 months. In order to prevent or treat patients' symptoms of fatigue after MI, the concepts of fatigue and depression should be assessed separately so as to exclude overlapping effects.

Keywords
depression, fatigue, myocardial infarction, symptom
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2237 (URN)10.1111/j.1440-172X.2010.01848.x (DOI)20649663 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2010-02-24 Created: 2010-02-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
4. Patients' illness perception four months after a myocardial infarction.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' illness perception four months after a myocardial infarction.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 17, no 5A, p. 25-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore patients' illness perception of myocardial infarction four months after a myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: An important task for research on recovery from myocardial infarction is to understand the factors that influence an individual's adherence to secondary preventive strategies. Perceptual, cognitive and motivational factors have been found to influence adherence to a secondary preventive regimen. METHOD: Twenty-five patients were interviewed four months after a myocardial infarction. In accordance with grounded theory methodology, data collection and analysis were carried out simultaneously. RESULTS: The findings can be understood in light of two core categories: 'trust in oneself ' vs. 'trust in others'; belief in one's own efforts to control the illness; and 'illness reasoning', lines of thought about illness identity. In searching for relationships, six categories describing variation in illness perceptions of a myocardial infarction emerged: (i) 'sign of a chronic condition - feasible to influence'; (ii) 'sign of a chronic condition - uncontrollable'; (iii) 'acute event that can recur - feasible to influence'; (iv) 'acute event that can recur - uncontrollable'; (v) 'unthinkable acute event'; and (vi) 'non-recurring acute event'. CONCLUSION: The more reflective patients perceived the heart attack as a sign of a chronic condition; they also devoted time for reasoning about the possible causes of their illness. This is in contrast to patients who were less reflective and viewed their myocardial infarction as an acute event, which they avoided thinking about. The findings contribute to our understanding of variation in illness perceptions. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The examination of how individuals perceive myocardial infarction may help health-care professionals individualize secondary preventive strategies, thereby improving adherence to health-care regimens. Nurse-patient discussions could begin with identification of the patient's variations of reflectiveness concerning his/her illness.

Keywords
illness perception, grounded theory, myocardial infarction, nursing, secondary prevention
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1736 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.02136.x (DOI)18298753 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-10-01 Created: 2009-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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