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Assessing empathy: Measurement characteristics and interviewer effects
University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4722-009X
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis , 2001. , 188 p.
Series
Göteborg studies in educational science, ISSN 0436-1121 ; 156
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-2114DiVA: diva2:284822
Public defence
(English)
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-01-08 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Parents’ Judgements and Students’ Self-Judgements of Empathy: The structure of empathy and agreement of judgements based on the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents’ Judgements and Students’ Self-Judgements of Empathy: The structure of empathy and agreement of judgements based on the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
2001 (English)In: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, E-ISSN 2151-2426, Vol. 17, no 1, 36-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A sample of 221 11th grade students and their parents were asked to complete the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; M. H. Davis, 1980), which is comprised of 4 subscales: empathic concern, perspective taking, fantasy, and personal distress; and a global-item measure containing 4 items, 1 for each subscale. The factorial structure that emerged in a previous study (C. Cliffordson, 2000) involving the students was tested on ratings provided by their parents. The results from the IRI scale were also compared to results from the global-item measure. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the structure of empathy and the agreement of self/other judgments. The results support the conclusions from the previous study that the concept of empathy can be considered to be identical to empathic concern, which also explains a great deal of perspective taking and fantasy. The agreement between the students' and their parents' judgments was substantial, and there are several reasons to believe that the interjudge agreement obtained is accurate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Hogrefe Publishing Corp, 2001
Keyword
Empathy, Interpersonal Reactivity Index, IRI, self/other judgment, structural equation modeling
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2107 (URN)10.1027//1015-5759.17.1.36 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-01-08 Created: 2010-01-08 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved
2. The Hierarchical Structure of Empathy: Dimensional organization and relations to social functioning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Hierarchical Structure of Empathy: Dimensional organization and relations to social functioning
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 43, no 1, 49-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to examine the structure of empathy using a hierarchical approach, and to compare the dimensions of empathy with measures of social functioning, in order to contribute to the understanding of the nature of empathy. The dimensionality of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, which comprises four subscales (empathic concern, perspective taking, fantasy and personal distress) was examined using confirmatory factor analysis. Relations with the Social Skills Inventory were also investigated. A sample of 127 applicants for places on nursing and social work undergraduate programs participated in the study. The study findings indicate that empathy is hierarchi-cally organized, with one general dimension at the apex. The general factor is identical to empathic concern and this dimension overlaps to a great extent with perspective taking and fantasy. The findings also indicate that the general dimension constitutes an integrated entirety, with its main emphasis on emotional reactivity by also involving cognitive processes.

Keyword
Empathy, Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), Socail Skills Inventory (SSI), dimensionality, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2108 (URN)10.1111/1467-9450.00268 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-01-08 Created: 2010-01-08 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved
3. Interviewer Agreement of Judgement of Empathy in Selection Interviews
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interviewer Agreement of Judgement of Empathy in Selection Interviews
2002 (English)In: International Journal of Selection and Assessment, ISSN 0965-075X, E-ISSN 1468-2389, Vol. 10, no 3, 198-205 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2109 (URN)10.1111/1468-2389.00209 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-01-08 Created: 2010-01-08 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved
4. The structure of empathy: an analysis of of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The structure of empathy: an analysis of of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2258 (URN)
Available from: 2010-03-04 Created: 2010-03-04 Last updated: 2015-09-15Bibliographically approved

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