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Reported hearing protection use in young adults from Sweden and the USA: Effects of attitude and gender
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1436-2355
Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Florida, USA.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2006 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 45, no 5, 273-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates differences between a Swedish and an American sample of young students regarding attitudes towards noise and the use of hearing protection at concerts. The study population was comprised of 179 participants from Sweden and 203 participants from the United States, who ranged in age from 17 to 21 years. Questionnaires were used to gather information on hearing symptoms and attitudes towards noise (Youth Attitude to Noise Scale). Multivariate analysis of variance revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had slightly more positive attitude towards noise than women, and men from the USA had more positive attitudes than men from Sweden. Least positive were the women from Sweden (except regarding attitudes towards the ability to concentrate in noisy environments). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of attitudes towards noise and country on young people's use of hearing protection at concerts. The results indicated that attitudes and country explained 50% of the variance in use of hearing protection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2006. Vol. 45, no 5, 273-280 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitudes towards noise; Cultural differencess; Gender; Noise sensitivity; Tinnitus; Use of hearing protection; Young adults
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1550DOI: 10.1080/14992020500485676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-1550DiVA: diva2:217480
Available from: 2009-05-14 Created: 2009-05-14 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Noise and music: a matter of risk perception
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Noise and music: a matter of risk perception
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The prevalence of tinnitus and hearing impairments among adolescents seems to increase as a consequence of exposure to loud noise. Several studies have highlighted the negative auditory effects of exposure to loud music at concerts and discotheques, environments in which young people today spend considerable periods of time. The appreciation of loud music clearly involves health-risks. Previous research suggests that patterns of health risk behaviours differ in relation to socio-economic status. The purpose of this thesis is to gain a better insight into adolescents’ and young adults’ attitudes and health-risk behaviours regarding exposure to loud music. Four empirical studies were conducted. Permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity were not found to be significantly related to socio-economic status, although significant age-related differences in the prevalence of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found, which might indicate that the problem increases with age. Of 1285 subjects a larger number (30%) reported the use of hearing protection when attending concerts. Our finding that adolescents’ attitudes and behaviours regarding the use of hearing protection differed between levels of socio-economic status and age is of considerable interest. Adolescents from low socio- economic backgrounds express more positive attitudes towards noise and report less use of hearing protection, in comparison to those with high SES. These differences in attitudes and behaviour may indicate future socio-economic differences in ear health. Comparisons between Swedish and American young adults revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had more positive attitudes towards noise than women, and men from the USA had the most positive attitudes. Least positive were the women from Sweden. In Sweden the use of hearing protection at concerts was substantially higher than in the USA, a result that can be explained by cultural and attitudinal differences between the countries. Young people’s experiences, attitudes and beliefs concerning risk-taking in musical settings have been investigated in a qualitative study. In a theoretical model, we suggest that background variables, such as gender, culture and social status may have an impact on the individual’s self-image, risk consideration, social norms and ideals. These variables, together with attitudes and experience of risk-behaviour, are considered as important factors in the understanding of health-risk behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Department of Psychology, Göteborg University, 2006. [2], 78, [2] s., s. 79-87, [3] s., s. 88-90 p.
Keyword
Adolescents, Tinnitus, Noise sensitivity, Socio-economic status, Attitudes, Use of hearing protection, Risk behaviour, Risk-consideration, Self-image, Norms and Ideals
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1561 (URN)978-91-628-6889-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-05-19 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved

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