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The influence of socio-economic status on adolescent attitude to social noise and hearing protection
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1436-2355
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
2004 (English)In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 7, no 25, p. 59-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The focus of the present study, of 1285 adolescents, was young people's attitudes towards noise and their use of hearing protection at discos and pop concerts. Comparisons were made between adolescents from different age groups, and with different socio-economic status. Logistic regressions indicated that "worry before attending noisy activities" and "hearing symptoms" such as tinnitus and noise sensitivity could, to some degree, explain the use of hearing protection in noisy environments. Another conclusion to be drawn from this study was that adolescents' attitudes and behaviors regarding hearing protection use differed between levels of socio-economic status. Individuals with high SES expressed more negative attitudes and used ear protection to a greater extent than those with lower SES. This result might indicate differences in the development of future auditory problems among individuals with different levels of socio-economic status. The cause of hearing impairment and tinnitus may not be restricted merely to noise exposure. Psychological aspects, such as attitudes towards noisy environments and the individual's behavior regarding the use of hearing protection may be considered as important factors in the understanding of why the prevalence of hearing­ related problems has increased among adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medknow Publications and Media , 2004. Vol. 7, no 25, p. 59-70
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, Attitudes to noise, Socio-economic status, Noise sensitivity, Tinnitus Use of hearing protection
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-1548DiVA, id: diva2:217468
Available from: 2009-05-14 Created: 2009-05-14 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Noise and music: a matter of risk perception
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Noise and music: a matter of risk perception
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The prevalence of tinnitus and hearing impairments among adolescents seems to increase as a consequence of exposure to loud noise. Several studies have highlighted the negative auditory effects of exposure to loud music at concerts and discotheques, environments in which young people today spend considerable periods of time. The appreciation of loud music clearly involves health-risks. Previous research suggests that patterns of health risk behaviours differ in relation to socio-economic status. The purpose of this thesis is to gain a better insight into adolescents’ and young adults’ attitudes and health-risk behaviours regarding exposure to loud music. Four empirical studies were conducted. Permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity were not found to be significantly related to socio-economic status, although significant age-related differences in the prevalence of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found, which might indicate that the problem increases with age. Of 1285 subjects a larger number (30%) reported the use of hearing protection when attending concerts. Our finding that adolescents’ attitudes and behaviours regarding the use of hearing protection differed between levels of socio-economic status and age is of considerable interest. Adolescents from low socio- economic backgrounds express more positive attitudes towards noise and report less use of hearing protection, in comparison to those with high SES. These differences in attitudes and behaviour may indicate future socio-economic differences in ear health. Comparisons between Swedish and American young adults revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had more positive attitudes towards noise than women, and men from the USA had the most positive attitudes. Least positive were the women from Sweden. In Sweden the use of hearing protection at concerts was substantially higher than in the USA, a result that can be explained by cultural and attitudinal differences between the countries. Young people’s experiences, attitudes and beliefs concerning risk-taking in musical settings have been investigated in a qualitative study. In a theoretical model, we suggest that background variables, such as gender, culture and social status may have an impact on the individual’s self-image, risk consideration, social norms and ideals. These variables, together with attitudes and experience of risk-behaviour, are considered as important factors in the understanding of health-risk behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Department of Psychology, Göteborg University, 2006. p. [2], 78, [2] s., s. 79-87, [3] s., s. 88-90
Keywords
Adolescents, Tinnitus, Noise sensitivity, Socio-economic status, Attitudes, Use of hearing protection, Risk behaviour, Risk-consideration, Self-image, Norms and Ideals
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1561 (URN)978-91-628-6889-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
(English)
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-05-19 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved

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