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Recovering from COVID-19 - A Process Characterised by Uncertainty: A Qualitative study.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE). (LOV)
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg; Department of Occupational and Physiotherapy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SWE).
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg; Department of Occupational and Physiotherapy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital; Department of Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg; School of Health and Welfare, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden (SWE).
2022 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 54, article id jrm00326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To obtain a deeper understanding of the lived experiences of patients with COVID-19, the recovery process and consequences for everyday life 6 months after hospital discharge.

DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study using individual interviews.

SUBJECTS: A purposive sampling was applied to recruit persons who had received inpatient hospital care, were discharged approximately 6 months previously, were of working age and had persistent self-reported symptoms at a 3-month follow-up appointment.

METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 participants (10 men, 5 women), which were then transcribed and analysed with inductive thematic analysis.

RESULTS: Three themes were identified: "Status of recovery - two steps forward, one step back", "Remaining symptoms caused limitations in everyday life" and "Strategies for recovery". Participants indicated the recovery process through 6 months after discharge was a challenging road, often involving setbacks. A wide range of persistent, fluctuating, or new symptoms negatively impacted many areas of daily life, with fatigue and lack of energy being especially prominent. Participants used a variety of strategies to cope and recover.

CONCLUSION: This study increases our knowledge of the lived experiences of COVID-19 based individual experiences. Unexpected symptoms in the recovery process were described and not always possible to forecast.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 54, article id jrm00326
Keywords [en]
Persistent symptoms, qualitative research, coping strategies, inpatients, activities of daily living, COVID-19, follow-up studies
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19289DOI: 10.2340/jrm.v54.2739ISI: 000855144600002PubMedID: 35976769Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85138125752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-19289DiVA, id: diva2:1720002
Note

This study was funded by grants from the Swedish government under an agreement between the Swedish government and the county councils (ALF73750, ALFGBG-942914), Forte/Formas (2020-02775), Vastragotaland regional research funding(VGFOUREG-940508, VGFOUREG-969267), theSahlgrenska University Hospital research funds(SU-961051).

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Available from: 2022-12-16 Created: 2022-12-16 Last updated: 2022-12-16

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