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Distansarbete - En förutsättning eller begränsning för arbetsmotivation?: En kvalitativ studie om agila teams upplevelse av arbetsmotivation under distansarbete
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I en tid kännetecknad av digitalisering till följd av coronapandemin och dess begränsningar, har majoriteten av befolkningen tvingats anpassa sina arbetsmetoder för att förhålla sig till distansarbete. Studier visar att distansarbete bidrar till ökad arbetsmotivation medan distansarbete hos agila team orsakar minskad samhörighet. Agila team arbetar tvärfunktionellt enheter emellan och motiveras av aktivt deltagande. Syftet med studien var således att undersöka upplevelser av arbetsmotivation hos agila team som tidigare arbetat på plats men som tvingats arbeta på distans, till följd av covid-19. Metoden i studien utgick ifrån en kvalitativ metod. Urvalet begränsades till 10 personer, från delvis olika företag, som arbetar i agila team på distans och tidigare gjort det på plats. Datamaterialet samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer som utgick ifrån en intervjuguide. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades enligt en tematisk analys. Resultatet visade att flexibelt arbete i hemmiljö var den viktigaste positiva upplevelsen av distansarbete medan ensamhet var den viktigaste negativa upplevelsen av distansarbete. Sociala relationer utgjorde den viktigaste skillnaden i upplevelser av arbetsmotivation. Resultatet kunde kopplas till valda teorier och således tolkas som att det finns en risk att missnöje skapats samt att arbetsmotivationen sjunkit vid distansarbete, till skillnad från vid arbete på plats.

Abstract [en]

In a time characterized by digitization due to the Corona pandemic, the majority of the population have had to adjust their working methods towards remote work. Studies show that remote work increases work motivation whereas remote work in agile teams causes reduced group affiliation. Agile teams work cross-functionally between units and are motivated by active participation. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate experiences of work motivation in agile teams who previously worked in the office but, due to covid-19, now works remotely. The study was based on a qualitative method. The selection was limited to 10 people, from partly different companies, who work in agile teams remotely but previously worked in the office. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews, based on an interview guide. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed according to a thematic analysis. The result showed that flexible work in the home environment was the most important positive experience of remote work, whereas loneliness was the most important negative experience. Social relationships were the most important difference in experiences of work motivation. The result was associated with motivation theories and could therefore be interpreted that satisfaction and work motivation has run the risk of being decreased during remote work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
agile teams, work motivation, remote work, covid-19, qualitative study, thematic analysis
Keywords [sv]
agila team, arbetsmotivation, distansarbete, covid-19, kvalitativ studie, tematisk analys
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16818Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16818DiVA, id: diva2:1581568
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-08-17 Created: 2021-07-22 Last updated: 2021-08-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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