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Attityder kring suicid hos personal inom psykiatrisk vård
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Attitudes about suicide among professionals in psychiatric care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stigmatisering kring både suicid och psykisk ohälsa gör att suicidnära personer ibland undviker att söka vård. Patienter har upplevt vårdpersonal som bidragande till stigmatiseringen och personal har inte alltid insikt om att de kan bidra till detta. Forskning har visar att det föreligger en förhöjd risk för suicid efter utskrivning från psykiatrisk heldygnsvård. Personalens attityder och bemötande med suicidnära patienter kan vara avgörande för en hälsofrämjande vårdrelation och effektiv suicidprevention och således påverka patientens återhämtningsprocess.

Syfte: Syftet var att sammanställa existerande forskning som belyser attityder kring suicid bland personal inom psykiatrisk vård.

Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt enligt en trestegsmodell. Fem vetenskapliga artiklar har granskats.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att attityderna kring suicid bland psykiatrisk vårdpersonal drar åt en negativ riktning och det fanns ett samband mellan attityder och utbildning. Det fanns ävenett stort behov och efterfrågan av specifik utbildning kring suicid bland personal. Den kulturella kontexten och organisatoriska förutsättningar inom verksamheten som rutiner, handledning och stöd, påverkade hur personalens attityder såg ut och deras upplevda förmåga att bemöta och hantera suicidnära patienter.

Konklusion: Attityder kring suicid hos personal påvisades i en negativ riktning. Utbildning och organisatoriska förutsättningar var faktorer som inverkade på personalens attityder. En kombination av adekvat utbildning, handledning och stöd till personalen skulle kunna gynna en mer positiv attityd gentemot suicid och suicidnära patienter bland personal.

Abstract [en]

Background: The stigma surrounding both suicide and mental illness sometimes means that suicidal people avoid seeking the care that they need. Patients have experienced professionalsas contributing to the stigma and professionals themselves do not always realize this. Research shows that there is an increased risk of suicide after discharge from psychiatric inpatient care. The attitudes of professionals and their approach to suicidal patients can affect a health-promoting relationship with the patients and the effectiveness of suicide prevention, thus, it can be crucial to the patient process to recovery.

Aim: This study aimed to compile existing research that shed light on attitudes about suicide among professionals in psychiatric care.

Method: The study was conducted as a literature review according to a three-stage model. Five scientific articles were reviewed.

Result: The result showed that attitudes about suicide among psychiatric professionals were leaning towards a negative direction and there was a connection between attitudes and education. There was also a great need and demand for specific education on suicide among professionals. The cultural context and organizational conditions within the workplace, such as routines, supervision and support, affected how the attitudes of the professionals appearedand their perceived ability to deal with, and manage suicidal patients.

Conclusion: Attitudes about suicide among professionals was shown to lean towards a negative direction. Education and organizational conditions were factors that affected the attitudes of the professionals. A combination of adequate education, supervision and support can promote more of a positive attitude among professionals towards suicide and suicidal patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
attitudes, psychiatric professionals, suicide
Keywords [sv]
attityder, psykiatrisk vårdpersonal, suicid
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15951Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15951DiVA, id: diva2:1471576
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-10-09 Created: 2020-09-29 Last updated: 2020-10-09Bibliographically approved

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