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Motivationsfaktorer i arbetet: Likheter och skillnader mellan anställda inom kommunala och privata organisationer
University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Motivational factors in work : differences and similarities between employees in municipal and private organizations (English)
Abstract [sv]

En hög personalomsättning leder till höga kostnader för organisationer. Därför är det av stor vikt för organisationerna att förstå vad som motiverar anställda i arbetet som gör att de väljer att stanna på arbetsplatsen under en längre tid. Syftet med denna studie var att ta reda på om det fanns likheter och skillnader i vad som motiverar anställda i sitt arbete inom kommunala respektive privata organisationer. Detta gjordes genom att anställdas upplevelser kring olika motivationsfaktorer undersöktes och jämfördes. I denna studie, där syftet handlade om att studera verkligheten, använde vi oss av ett induktivt angreppssätt med kvalitativ metod för datainsamlingen. Vi valde att utföra fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer för att samla in vårt datamaterial, två av intervjuerna genomfördes med respondenter inom kommunala organisationer och två med respondenter inom privata organisationer. Teorin inleddes med en diskussion kring begreppet motivation utifrån vetenskapliga artiklar och tidigare kurslitteratur. Den teori vi sedan utgick från var hämtad från tidigare vetenskapliga studier kring motivation, däribland jämförande studier kring motivation hos anställda inom kommunala och privata organisationer. Det insamlade datamaterialet redovisades generellt i empirin, delvis i form av citat, utifrån olika ämnesområden som vi tidigare hade upprättat i vår intervjuguide. När vi analyserade empirin utifrån den teoretiska referensramen kunde vi se att det vi fann i vår studie både låg in linje med, men även gick emot, vad tidigare forskningsstudier kring motivation i arbete har visat. I vår studie kunde vi se både likheter och skillnader i vad som motiverade respondenterna i deras arbeten, både mellan, men även inom de två typerna av organisationer. De viktigaste slutsatserna vi kom fram till var att det framförallt fanns likheter i vad som motiverar anställda inom privata respektive kommunala organisationer. Det var främst icke-materiella faktorer, bl.a. i form av ett bra arbetsklimat och bra kollegor, som motiverade respondenterna och hade en betydande roll för deras vilja att stanna på sin respektive arbetsplats, detta oavsett vilken typ av organisation de var anställda inom.

Abstract [en]

High staff turnover leads to high costs for organizations. Therefore, it is of great importance for the organizations to understand what motivates employees in their work that makes them choose to stay in the workplace for a longer period of time. The purpose of this study was to find out if there were similarities and differences in what motivates employees in their work within municipal and private organizations. This was done by examining and comparing employees' experiences of various motivational factors. In this study, where the purpose was to study reality, we used an inductive approach with a qualitative method for data collection. We chose to conduct four semi-structured interviews to collect our data material, two of the interviews were conducted with respondents within municipal organizations and two with respondents within private organizations. The theory started with a discussion about the concept of motivation based on scientific articles and previous course literature. The theory we then applied was drawn from previous scientific studies on motivation, including comparative studies on motivation among employees in municipal and private organizations. The data collected was generally reported in the empirical data, partly in the form of quotations, based on various subject areas that we had previously established in our interview guide. When we analyzed the empiricism based on the theoretical frame of reference, we could see that what we found in our study was both in line with, but also contrary to, what previous research studies on motivation in work have shown. In our study we could see both similarities and differences in what motivated respondents in their work, both between, but also within the two types of organizations. The most important conclusions we reached were that there were mainly similarities in what motivates employees within private and municipal organizations, respectively. These were mainly non-material factors, for instance a good working climate and good colleagues, which motivated the respondents and had a significant role for their willingness to stay in their respective workplace, regardless of the type of organization in which they were employed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
motivation, work, motivational factors, municipal organizations, private organizations, employees
Keywords [sv]
motivation, arbete, motivationsfaktorer, kommunala organisationer, privata organisationer, anställd
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15798Local ID: MUF300OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15798DiVA, id: diva2:1466416
Subject / course
Business administration
Educational program
Personalekonomi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-09-15 Created: 2020-09-11 Last updated: 2020-09-15Bibliographically approved

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