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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av personcentrerad vård inom demenssjukvård: En litteraturbaserad studie
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse's experience of person-centered care in dementia care : A literaturebased study (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: As the population grows older, dementia is also increasing in the world, which has become a global health problem in the world. In order to offer patients a good quality care, the nurses need to equip a person-centered approach. It is important for nurses to have a good knowledge of the patient's life before the disease, dementia and the ability to personalize the care to each patient. Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe nurses' experiences of person-centered care in the care of people with dementia. Method: The study used literaturebased method on qualitative article research. The selected articles were analyzed according to Friberg (2017) five step model resulting in two main themes and five subthemes.

Results: Two main themes occurred with five subthemes. The first main theme was nurse's resources with three subthemes, important relationships, knowledge and education and the importance of time. The second main theme was the person behind the disease with two subthemes, life story and care environment. The theme nurse's resources highlighted the importance of nurse's knowledge and experiences to provide good quality care for patients with dementia. The second main theme was the person behind the disease highlighted the importance of the environment for the patients and the patients' life story that formed the basis for their care.

Conclusion: A person-centered approach proved meaningful for both nurses and patients. The nurses were given the opportunity to see the patients for who they are as a person, rather than patients defined by their sickness.

Abstract [sv]

Idag lever många människor runt om i världen med olika typer av demenssjukdomar, dessa är obotliga och leder ofta till försämrad livskvalité för patienterna. På grund av de nedsatta kognitiva funktionerna som uppstår kan det medföra lidande för många patienter samt bli utmanande för hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalen i längden. Syftet med studien var att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av personcentrerad vård inom demenssjukvård. I huvudsak presenterar studien hur viktigt det är med sjuksköterskors tillämpning av personcentrerad vård i vårdandet av patienter med demenssjukdom. Sjuksköterskan kan påverka och förändra patienternas tillvaro och livskvalité genom att besitta kunskap kring demenssjukdomar och hur man bemöter dessa patienter individuellt. Resultatet av studien grundas på en sammanfattning av 13 kvalitativa artiklar som belyser sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av personcentrering inom demenssjukvård. Förutsättningarna för att ge en god vård grundar sig i att sjuksköterskan spenderar tid med patienterna och lär känna personen bakom sjukdomen. För att patienternas vård ska vara av god kvalité krävs det att sjuksköterskorna individanpassar vården.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
Dementia, experience, nurse, person centered care, patient centered care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15613Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15613DiVA, id: diva2:1455788
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-08-24 Created: 2020-07-29 Last updated: 2020-08-24Bibliographically approved

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