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Långtidsfriska mål: Personalens upplevelser av att arbeta i en hälsofrämjande organisation
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Long-term healthy goals : The staff's experience of working in a health promotion organization (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka hur personalen upplever organisatoriska faktorer och hur dessa faktorer kan bidra till en långtidsfrisk organisation. Långtidsfriska mål och långtidsfrisk personal blir allt vanligare, men trots det drabbas en del av ohälsa - vad beror det på? Forskning som riktar fokus mot risk- och friskfaktorer är omfattande, men studier som undersöker medarbetarnas upplevelser av arbetet i en sådan organisation är mer sällsynta. Mot den bakgrunden var avsikten med den föreliggande studien att bidra till att fylla den kunskapsluckan. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med tio medarbetare som är verksamma inom en organisation med långtidsfriska mål. Fokus under intervjuerna låg på respondenternas upplevelse av att arbeta i en hälsofrämjande organisation. Insamlade data analyserades med hjälp av en tematisk analys, vilket resulterade i sex teman; krav och kontroll, meningsfullhet, otillräcklig kommunikation, sjuknärvaro, hälsoinitiativ samt bristfälligt ledarskap. Det viktigaste resultatet fann vi i ett övergripande tema; kommunikation, vilket präglade resultatet av analysen. Kommunikation återspeglas i alla funna teman och upplevdes ha en stor påverkan på respondenternas välmående. Även ledarskapets betydelse blev viktigt i resultatet i förhållande till det sociala stödet. Ett oväntat resultat var medvetenheten av den fysiska hälsan, som alla respondenter aktivt jobbade med att bibehålla eller främja. Resultatens teman utgjordes av begrepp som kunde hittas i teorierna om salutogenes, Karasek och Theorells krav- kontroll- och stödmodell, samt tidigare forskning kring kommunikation och ledarskapets betydelse för den organisatoriska hälsan. Studiens resultat bidrar till ökad förståelse för hur ett hälsofrämjande arbete upplevs av medarbetare i organisationer som strävar efter långtidsfrisk personal, vilket kan vara användbar kunskap för organisationer som har sådana mål. Studien utgör därmed ett bidrag till forskningen om att främja hälsan i organisationer.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to examine how the staff experience organizational factors in terms of long-term healthy organization. Long-term healthy goals and long-term healthy staff are becoming more and more common, but despite this, some people are suffering from illness – why is that? Research that focuses on risk and health factors is extensive, but studies that examines employees' experiences of work in such an organization are more rare. With this background, the purpose of the present study was to help fill that knowledgegap. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten employees working within an organization with long-term healthy goals. The focus during the interviews was on the respondents' experience of working in a health promotion organization. Collected data were analyzed using a thematic analysis, resulting in six themes; demand and control, meaningfulness, insufficient communication, presenteeism, health initiatives and inadequate 2 Confidentiality: C2 - Internal leadership. The most important result was in a general theme; communication, which characterized the results of the analysis. Communication is reflected in all the themes and seemed to have a major impact on the well-being of the respondents. Leadership also became important in the result in relation to social support. An unexpected result was the awareness of physical health, which all respondents actively worked to maintain or promote. The themes of the results consisted of concepts that could be found in the theories of salutogenesis, Karasek and Theorell's demand- control- and support model, as well as previous research on communication and leadership's importance for organizational health. The results of the study contribute to an increased understanding of how health promotion work is experienced by employees in organizations that strive for long-term healthy staff, which can be useful knowledge for organizations that have such goals. The study thus contributes to research on promoting health in organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
long-term health, communication, leadership, SOC, salutogenesis, demand and control, health initiatives, presenteeism
Keywords [sv]
långtidsfrisk, kommunikation, ledarskap, KASAM, salutogenes, krav och kontroll, hälsoinitiativ, sjuknärvaro
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15447Local ID: EXP503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15447DiVA, id: diva2:1454019
Subject / course
Pedagogics
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-07-22 Created: 2020-07-14 Last updated: 2020-07-22Bibliographically approved

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