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Patienters upplevelse av hur livet påverkas efter en hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturbaserad studie
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients' experience of how life is affected after a myocardial infarction : A literature-based study (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research shows that myocardial infarction is one of the leading causes of death, both in men and women. Furthermore, there is a gender difference in symptoms and treatment. As a result of a myocardial infarction, life changes drastically. People who have suffered a myocardial infarction have been found to need help with lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of a secondary myocardial infarction and to improve the quality of life.

Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight patients´ experiences of how their lives were affected after a myocardial infarction.

Method: A method for contributing to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research was used in this study.

Results: The patients´ experience of a myocardial infarction was divided into three themes: Limitation due to illness, Needs to achieve health, Managing or denying their illness. Furthermore, these themes were divided into seven subthemes: Fear of being affected again, Altered body and soul, General and individualized information facilitates, Support in safe relationships, To deny their illness, To see life in a new perspective, To accept a new life situation and identity.

Conclusion: The majority of patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction, experienced characteristic psychological consequences. In turn, this results in a major suffering. A myocardial infarction has a significant impact on a person's life. Therefore, may an increased awareness of the impact lead to improved nursing and patient care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Emotional, myocardial infarction, patient experience, patient perception, post myocardial infarction
Keywords [sv]
Känslor, hjärtinfarkt, patientupplevelser, patientuppfattning, livspåverkan
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15070Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15070DiVA, id: diva2:1415516
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-04-03 Created: 2020-03-19 Last updated: 2020-04-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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