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Skillnader i upplevd psykosocial arbetsmiljö mellan kommunal och icke-kommunal skola: utifrån krav-kontroll-stödmodellen
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Differences in Perceived Psychosocial Work Environment Between Municipal and Non-municipal Schools : Based on the Demand-Control-Support Model (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kopplingar mellan hälsa och arbete har varit ett uppmärksammat ämne hos forskare under de senaste årtionden. Lärare har enligt forskning varit mest drabbade av yrkesmässiga besvär, såsom arbetsrelaterad stress och utmattningssyndrom. Långtidssjukskrivningar på grund av psykosociala faktorer på arbetet har ökat och är vanligare inom yrken där det sker interaktion mellan människor. Lärare tillhör ett av de yrken som löper större risk för att bli drabbade av psykosocial ohälsa i samband med arbetet. Utöver detta råder det stor brist på lärare samt att kompetenta lärare byter yrke på grund av utmattning.

Studien avser att undersöka skillnader i den upplevda psykosociala arbetsmiljön mellan lärare inom kommunal och icke-kommunal skola utifrån krav-kontroll-stödmodellen. Det finns forskning som undersöker upplevd psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos lärare men inte någon som undersöker detta samt skillnader mellan skolsektorerna utifrån krav-kontroll-stödmodellen.

Enkätstudien genomfördes i skolor inom Västra Götalandsregionen där 88 deltagare (N = 49 kommunal, N = 39 icke-kommunal) medverkade (M = 42 år). Enkäten baserades på DCSQ (The Swedish Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire) som innehöll 16 frågor. Data analyserades med ett oberoende t-test.

Resultatet visade att det fanns en statistisk signifikant skillnad mellan skolsektorerna gällande variablerna krav och kontroll men inte för stöd. Lärare inom den kommunala skolan upplevde sämre grad av krav och kontroll än inom den icke-kommunala skolan. Studiens resultat är i linje med tidigare forskning och visade skillnader i den upplevda arbetsmiljön mellan kommunal och icke-kommunal skola.

Abstract [en]

In recent decades, connections between health and work have been a prominent topic for researchers. Teachers have, according to research, been most affected by occupational disorders, such as work-related stress and fatigue syndrome. Long-term sickness due to psychosocial factors at work has increased and is more common in professions where there is interaction between people. Teachers belong to one of the professions that are at a greater risk of being affected by psychosocial illness in connection to their work. In addition, there is a large shortage of teachers and competent teachers change their profession due to fatigue.

The study aims to examine differences in the perceived psychosocial work environment between teachers in municipal and non-municipal schools based on demand-control-support model.

The survey was conducted in schools in the Västragötaland-region where 88 participants (N = 49 municipal, N = 39 non-municipal) participated (M = 42 years). The questionnaire was based on the DCSQ (The Swedish Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire) which contained 16 questions. Data were analyzed with an independent t-test.

The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the school sectors regarding the demand and control variables but not for support. Teachers in the municipal school experienced less of a demand and also less control than in the non-municipal school. The study's results are in line with previous research and showed differences in the perceived psychosocial work environment between municipal and non-municipal school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Psychosocial work environment, teachers, non-municipal, municipal schools, demand-control-support model, DCSQ (The Swedish Demand, Control and Support questionnaire)
Keywords [sv]
Psykosocial arbetsmiljö, lärare, icke-kommunala och kommunala skolor, krav-kontroll-stödmodellen, DCSQ (The Swedish Demand, Control and Support Questionnaire)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15040Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15040DiVA, id: diva2:1412293
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-05 Last updated: 2020-03-06Bibliographically approved

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