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De professionellas syn på isolering i form av avskiljning och vård i enskildhet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Professionals' views of isolation in form of separation and social confinement (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den aktuella studien var att undersöka hur de yrkesverksamma inom SiS ser på isolering och dess psykologiska effekter på barn och unga. Samtidigt få en inblick i hur man inom SiS såg på att Barnkonventionen den 1 januari 2020 blir svensk lag. Då rapporteringen i media gällande isolering av barn och unga enbart ger ett perspektiv på denna åtgärd inom svensk institutionsvård är det viktigt att ha ett annat perspektiv i beaktning. Flertal publikationer och rapporter från SiS finns, dock finns inget konkret som belyser de yrkesverksammas syn och kunskap om vad det innebär att isolera ett barn eller en ungdom. Studiens teoretiska del grundar sig i vetenskapliga artiklar, rapporter, behavioristiskt och humanistiskt perspektiv, men också metoden "lågaffektivt bemötande".

Det empiriska materialet samlades in via postenkäter och omfattade både kvantitativa och kvalitativa frågor. Då deltagarantalet var lägre än väntat sammanställdes resultatet av de kvantitativa frågorna som beskrivande statistik medan resultatet från de kvalitativa frågorna analyserades utifrån tematisk analys.

Den aktuella studien påvisar att majoriteten av de yrkesverksamma har goda kunskaper om vad isolering av barn och unga medför, samtidigt som man arbetar med att hitta alternativ för denna åtgärd. Studien påvisar också minskat antal isoleringar och yppar eventuell avveckling av denna åtgärd.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the current study was to investigate how professionals at SiS view isolation and its psychological effects on children and young people. At the same time, also, get an insight into how they see the Children's Convention on 1 January 2020 becoming Swedish law. Since reporting in the media regarding isolation of children and young people only gives one perspective on this measure in Swedish institutional care, it is important to bring forth a different perspective. There are numerous publications and reports from SiS, but there is no specific one that highlights the views and knowledge of professionals about what it means to isolate a child or youth. The theoretical part of the study is based on scientific articles, reports, behavioristic and humanistic perspectives, but also the method "low arousal approach ".

The empirical material was collected via postal surveys and included both quantitative and qualitative methods. As the number of participants was lower than expected, the results of the quantitative questions were compiled as descriptive statistics, while the results of the qualitative questions were analysed based on thematic analysis.

The current study shows that most professionals have good knowledge of what isolation of children and young people entails, while working to find alternatives for this measure. The study also shows a reduction in the number of isolations and hints that this type of measure on its way out.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
isolation, SiS, children, youths, juveniles, solitary confinement
Keywords [sv]
Isolering, SiS, barn, unga, juveniles, solitary confinement
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15029Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15029DiVA, id: diva2:1411893
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-04 Last updated: 2020-03-06Bibliographically approved

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