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Kan organisatoriskt engagemang till arbetsplatsen vara en prediktor för upplevd stress?
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Can organizational commitment to the workplace be a predictor of perceived stress? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sjukskrivningar med anledning av stressrelaterade åkommor har ökat stort de senaste åren och det skiljer sig i antalet mellan kvinnor och män. Tidigare forskning visade på att medarbetare med högt organisatoriskt engagemang hade en starkare vilja till att utöva större arbetsinsatser och ansträngningar på uppdrag av organisationen. Det fanns dock en risk med att den anställda gjorde en så stor ansträngning att det påverkade återhämtningen, som i sin tur kunde leda till stressrelaterade sjukdomar.

Studier på arbetsrelaterad stress förekommer i stor utsträckning, dock har få studier undersökt sambanden mellan variablerna organisatoriskt engagemang och arbetsrelaterad stress. För att besvara frågeställningarna har en kvantitativ studie gjorts där datainsamlingen skedde genom både onlinebaserad enkät samt pappersenkäter med totalt 25 påståenden. Enkäten bestod av två etablerade frågeformulär; Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) samt Perceived Stress Scale 10-items (PSS) som avsåg att mäta engagemang på arbetsplatsen samt arbetsrelaterad stress. Totalt deltog 233 personer i studien (M= 34,9 år, SD= 10,2 år, åldersintervall 18–68 år, 63% kvinnor). Variablerna visade på en normalfördelning och därför kunde en enkel linjär regression göras.

Resultatet visade på ett negativt statistiskt signifikant samband mellan engagemang och stress hos kvinnor, dock inte hos män. Engagemangsnivåer kan i högre utsträckning predicera stressnivåer hos kvinnor än hos män.

Abstract [en]

Sick leave due to stress-related problems has increased in recent years and the number of sick leave days varies between women and men. Previous research has shown that employees with high organizational commitment had a stronger desire to practice greater work efforts and efforts on behalf of the organization. However, there was a risk that the employee made such an effort that it affected the recovery, which in turn could lead to stress-related illnesses.

Studies on work-related stress occur to a large extent, however, few studies have done research on the correlations between organizational commitment and work-related stress. A quantitative study was conducted to answer the research questions; data collection was done through both online- and paper questionnaires with a total of 25 items. The survey was designed by two established questionnaires; Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) and Perceived Stress Scale 10-items (PSS) that were intended to measure workplace engagement and work-related stress. A total of 233 people participated in the study (M = 24.9 years, SD = 10.2 years, range of ages 18-68 years, 63% women). The variables showed a normal distribution and therefore a simple linear regression was conducted.

The results showed a negative statistically significant correlation between commitment and stress for women, but not for men. Engagement levels can to a greater extent predict stress levels in women than in men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Organizational commitment, emotional attachment, work-related stress, gender differences
Keywords [sv]
Organisatoriskt engagemang, känslomässig anknytning, arbetsrelaterad stress, könsskillnader
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14955Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14955DiVA, id: diva2:1392054
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-17 Created: 2020-02-06 Last updated: 2020-02-17Bibliographically approved

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