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Examining effects of parent warmth and control on internalizing behavior clusters from age 8 to 12 in 12 cultural groups in nine countries
Duke University, Duke Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA..
Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
Hashemite University, Department of Special Education, Zarqa, Jordan; Counseling, Special Education, and Neuroscience Division, Emirates College for Advanced Education, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
University of Naples, Department of Humanistic Studies, Napoli, Italy..
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Studies of U.S. and European samples demonstrate that parental warmth and behavioral control predict child internalizing behaviors and vice versa. However, these patterns have not been researched in other cultures. This study investigates associations between parent warmth and control and three child-reported internalizing behavior clusters to examine this question.

METHODS: Data from 12 cultural groups in 9 countries were used to investigate prospective bidirectional associations between parental warmth and control, and three child-reported internalizing behavior types: withdrawn/depressed, anxious/depressed, and somatic problems. Multiple-group structural equation modeling was used to analyze associations in children followed from ages 8 to 12.

RESULTS: Parent warmth and control effects were most pervasive on child-reported withdrawn/depressed problems, somewhat pervasive on anxious/depressed problems and least pervasive on somatic problems. Additionally, parental warmth, as opposed to control, was more consistently associated with child-reported internalizing problems across behavior clusters. Child internalizing behavior effects on parental warmth and control appeared ubiquitously across cultures, and behaviors, but were limited to ages 8-10. Most effects were pancultural, but culture-specific effects emerged at ages 9-10 involving the associations between parent warmth and withdrawn/depressed and somatic behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS: Effects of parent warmth and control appear stronger on some types of child-reported internalizing behaviors. Associations are especially strong with regard to parental warmth across cultures, and culture-specific effects may be accounted for by cultural normativeness of parent warmth and child-reported somatic symptoms. Child internalizing behavior effects on subsequent parenting are common across cultures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Warmth, control, cross-cultural, internalizing behaviors, parenting
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14683DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.13138PubMedID: 31667849Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074717038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14683DiVA, id: diva2:1370213
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 695300‐HKADeC‐ERC‐2015‐AdG
Note

Funders: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grant RO1‐HD054805;Fogarty International Center grant RO3‐TW008141;, National Institute on Drug Abuse grant P30 DA023026, the NIH/NICHD Intramural Research Program

Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Sorbring, Emma

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