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Recovering Moho constituents from satellite altimetry and gravimetric data for Europe and surroundings
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, SE-10044, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 291-303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this research, we present a local Moho model, named MOHV19, including Moho depth and Moho density contrast (or shortly Moho constituents) with corresponding uncertainties, which are mapped from altimetric and gravimetric data (DSNSC08) in addition to seismic tomographic (CRUST1.0) and Earth topographic data (Earth2014) to a resolution of 1° × 1° based on a solution of Vening Meinesz-Moritz' theory of isostasy. The MOHV19 model covers the area of entire European plate along with the surrounding oceans, bounded by latitudes (30 °N–82 °N) and longitudes (40 °W–70 °E). The article aims to interpret the Moho model resulted via altimetric and gravimetric information from the geological and geophysical perspectives along with investigating the relation between the Moho depth and Moho density contrast. Our numerical results show that estimated Moho depths range from 7.5 to 57.9 km with continental and oceanic averages of 41.3 ± 4.9 km and 21.6 ± 9.2 km, respectively, and an overall average of 30.9 ± 12.3 km. The estimated Moho density contrast ranges from 60.2 to 565.8 kg/m3, with averages of 421.8 ± 57.9 and 284.4 ± 62.9 kg/m3 for continental and oceanic regions, respectively, with a total average of 350.3 ± 91.5 kg/m3. In most areas, estimated uncertainties in the Moho constituents are less than 3 km and 40 kg/m3, respectively, but they reach to much more significant values under Iceland, parts of Gulf of Bothnia and along the Kvitoya Island. Comparing the Moho depths estimated by MOHV19 and those derived by CRUST1.0, MDN07, GRAD09 and MD19 models shows that MOHV19 agree fairly well with CRUST1.0 but rather poor with other models. The RMS difference between the Moho density contrasts estimated by MOHV19 and CRUST1.0 models is 49.45 kg/m3.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 13, no 4, p. 291-303
Keywords [en]
Geodesy; Gravimetric analysis, Altimetry; Europe; Isostasy; Moho density contrast; Moho depth; MOHV19; Vening Meinesz-Moritz, Uncertainty analysis
National Category
Geophysics
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Geodesy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14456DOI: 10.1515/jag-2019-0011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067414113OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14456DiVA, id: diva2:1356366
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Abrehdary, MajidSjöberg, Lars

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