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Palliativ vård för personer med psykisk sjukdom: En litteraturöversikt
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Palliative care for people with mental illness (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Palliativ vård skall lindra lidande och främja livskvalitet för patienter som har en progressiv eller obotlig sjukdom. Den palliativa vården skall även vara kvalitetssäkrad och likvärdig för alla patienter. Personer med exempelvis schizofreni, depression, posttraumatiskt stressyndrom samt personlighetssyndrom riskerar att dö i förtid och få sämre somatisk vård.

Syfte: Att beskriva palliativ vård som ges till personer med psykisk sjukdom.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt har genomförts av befintlig forskning. Vetenskapliga artiklar söktes efter i databaserna Cinahl, PsychINFO, PsychArticles och Google Scholar. Sex artiklar valdes till denna studie och granskades enligt två mallar utarbetade av Institutionen för hälsovetenskap vid Högskolan Väst.

Resultat: Studiens resultat belyser att en bra relation och kommunikation mellan patient och vårdpersonal är viktiga komponenter för att kunna ge en god palliativ vård till personer med psykisk sjukdom. Det framkom även att personer med psykisk sjukdom riskerar att inte få den vård som krävs vid livets slutskede, då bland annat kunskap hos vårdpersonal i samband med palliativ vård kan variera.

Konklusion: Oavsett psykisk sjukdom eller inte är syftet med palliativ vård att tillgodose fysiska, psykiska, sociala och andliga behov. Personalens kunskap kring psykiska sjukdomar samt kommunikation kan påverka den palliativa vården som ges till patienter med psykisk sjukdom.

Abstract [en]

Background: Palliative care improves quality of life for patients with a fatal disease and ease suffering. The palliative care should be of high quality and equivalent for all patients. People with diseases such as schizophrenia, depression, post traumatic stress syndrome and personality disorder is at risk of premature death and receiving worse somatic care.

Aim: To describe palliative care for people with mental illness.

Method: A literature review was conducted of existing research. Scientific articles was searched for in Cinahl, PsychINFO, PsychArticles and Google Scholar. It became six articles which was chosen to this study and audited according to two review templates from the Department of health sciences at University West.

Result: The result of this study shows that a good relationship and communication between patient and caregiver are important factors to be able to give good palliative care to people with mental illness. It also showed that people with mental illness is at risk of not receiving the proper care during palliative care because the knowledge of caregivers may vary within palliative care.

Conclusion: With or without mental illness, the aim of palliative care is to meet physical, psychological, social and spiritual needs. The caregivers knowledge about mental illness and communication may affect the palliative care given to people with mental illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Caregiver, communication, end of life care, mental illness, palliative care
Keywords [sv]
Kommunikation, palliativ vård, psykisk sjukdom, vårdpersonal, vård vid livets slutskede
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14356Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14356DiVA, id: diva2:1347245
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-08-30 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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