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Individuella skillnader som prediktor för upplevd arbetsmiljö: en korrelationsstudie med Big Six och DIAMONDS
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Individual differences as a predictor for perceived work environment : a correlations study with Big Six and DIAMONDS (English)
Abstract [sv]

Dålig arbetsmiljö är en bidragande orsak till fysisk samt psykisk ohälsa i det svenska samhället. 28% av de individer som idag är sysselsatta i arbetslivet har besvär uppkomna av arbetsrelaterade orsaker. Individanpassad arbetsmiljö kan möjligtvis föranleda en minskad siffra. Tidigare forskning har konstaterat att personlighet kan vara betydande vid upplevelsen av situationer i det dagliga livet. Dock har inte tidigare studier undersökt huruvida personlighet kan predicera hur arbetsmiljö upplevs. Därför var syftet att försöka besvara denna frågeställning genom att undersöka om det finns samband mellan personlighet, genom Big Six, och upplevd arbetsmiljö, genom DIAMONDS. För att besvara frågan genomfördes en enkätundersökning där 107 respondenter deltog (M = 33 år, SD = 12, åldersintervall 18–79 år, 76% kvinnor). Personlighet undersöktes med instrumentet MiniInternational Personality Item Pool-6 (Mini-IPIP6) och upplevd arbetsmiljö mättes genom Riverside Situational Q-Sort (RSQ-8). Utifrån respondenternas svar genomfördes korrelationanalyser som föranledde resultat vilka påvisade fem statistiskt signifikanta samband mellan Big Six och DIAMONDS. Två utav dessa överensstämde med tidigare forskning medan resterande ej uppkommit tidigare. De fem korrelationerna undersöktes vidare genom två regressionsanalyser, där negativity och adversity, vilka är variabler som tillhör DIAMONDS, var beroendevariabler då dessa ägde högre samband med Big Six variablerna. Neuroticism och agreeableness var de personlighetsdrag som visade sig vara signifikanta prediktorer. En väsentlig förklaringsvarians framkom och enligt denna studie kan personlighet därmed predicera vissa delar av hur individer upplever sin arbetsmiljö

Abstract [en]

Poor work environment is a contributing factor to both physical and mental illness in Sweden. 28% of the individuals, who are currently employed in working life, experience problems caused by work-related reasons. Individually adapted work environment may possibly reduce this number. Previous research has found that personality can be significant in the perception of situations in daily life. However, previous studies have not investigated whether personality can predict how work environment is perceived. The purpose of this study was therefore to answer this question by examining whether there is a relationship between personality, through the Big Six, and perceived work environment, through DIAMONDS. In order to answer the question, a survey was conducted in which 107 respondents participated (M = 33 years, SD = 12, age range 18–79 years, 76% women). Personality was examined with the instrument Mini-International Personality Item Pool-6 (MiniIPIP6) and perceived work environment was measured through Riverside Situational Q-Sort (RSQ-8). Correlation analyzes were carried out, based on the respondents’ answers, which resulted in outcomes which showed five statistically significant relationships between Big Six and DIAMONDS. Two of these corresponded to previous research, while the rest had not occurred earlier. The five correlations were further investigated through two regression analyzes, where negativity and adversity, which are variables belonging to DIAMONDS, were dependent variables because these correlated strongly with the Big Six variables. Neuroticism and agreeableness turned out to be the only significant predictors out of the personality traits. An 3 important explanation variance emerged and according to this study, personality can therefore predict certain parts of how individuals experience their work environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Big Six, DIAMONDS, personality, work environment
Keywords [sv]
Big Six, DIAMONDS, personlighet, arbetsmiljö
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14043Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14043DiVA, id: diva2:1335198
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-04 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved

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