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Personlighet och innovation: vad karaktäriserar den kreativa medarbetaren?
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personality and innovation : what characterizes the creative employee? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Innovativ förmåga är en eftertraktad kompetens på dagens arbetsmarknad som präglas av expansiv teknologisk progression, globalisering och ökad flexibilitet. Internationell arbetspsykologisk forskning indikerar att innovativ förmåga har ett samband med specifika personlighetsdrag.

I föreliggande studie har sambandet mellan personlighet genom Five Factor Model (FFM; Costa & McCrae, 1992b) och innovativ förmåga genom Ideational Behavior (IB; Runco, Plucker, & Lim, 2001) undersökts. Tidigare svensk forskning som undersöker IB och dess två distinkta faktorer i relation till personlighet saknas, vilket gett upphov till föreliggande studie.

Datainsamlingen genomfördes via en webbenkät bestående av självskattningsinstrumentet IPIP-NEO-120 (Johnson, 2014) för att undersöka personlighet, samt Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS) för att undersöka IB. Enkäten besvarades av 256 personer med varierande utbildningsbakgrund och huvudsaklig sysselsättning.

Resultatet visade att IB hade ett tydligt signifikant positivt samband med personlighetsdragen Openness to Experience och Extraversion, medan Conscientiousness och Agreeableness uppvisade negativa samband med IB. Noterbart var att resultatet påvisade skillnader i sambanden mellan FFM och IB:s distinkta faktorer, vilka mäter kreativitet utifrån två olika konstrukt: Divergent thinking och Scatterbrained. Skillnaden var särskilt framträdande för personlighetsdraget Neuroticism, där korrelationen påvisade ett negativt samband med faktorn Divergent thinking och ett positivt samband med faktorn Scatterbrained. Genom forced entry regression konstaterades att utvalda facetter av FFM tillsammans med kön kunde förklara drygt hälften av variationen i IB. Resultaten från studien är i linje med internationell forskning som indikerar att IB är ett möjligt verktyg för att mäta innovativa beteenden på individnivå.

Abstract [en]

Innovative ability is a sought-after competence in today's labor market, marked by expansive technological progression, globalization and increased flexibility. International studies in work psychology indicate that innovative ability is correlated with specific personality traits.

In this study the correlation between personality through Five Factor Model (FFM; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and innovative ability through Ideational Behavior (IB; Runco, Plucker, & Lim, 2001) was explored. There is a lack of exploration of IB and its two distinct factors in relation to personality in previous Swedish research, which has led to this study aiming to remedy the situation.

Data was collected through a web survey based on the self-assessment instrument IPIP-NEO-120 (Johnson, 2014) to examine personality, and Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS) to examine IB. The survey gathered 256 respondents with various educational background and main occupation.

The result indicates that IB was positively and significantly associated with the personality traits Openness to Experience and Extraversion, while Conscientiousness and Agreeableness presented negative correlations with IB. A noteworthy result implied that there were differences in the correlations between FFM and the two distinct factors of IB, which measures two separate constructs of creativity: Divergent thinking and Scatterbrained. The difference was especially prominent for the trait Neuroticism, for which the correlation indicated a negative association with the factor Divergent thinking and a positive association with the factor Scatterbrained. It was established through forced entry regression method that selected personality facets of FFM and gender accounted for a little over half of the variance in IB. The results are in line with international research, indicating that IB is a possible instrument for measuring innovative behavior at an individual level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Five Factor Model, International Personality Item Pool, personality, divergent thinking, Ideational Behavior, innovation, creativity, Runco Ideational Behavior Scale
Keywords [sv]
Femfaktormodellen, International Personality Item Pool, personlighet, divergent tänkande, Ideational Behavior, innovation, kreativitet, Runco Ideational Behavior Scale
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14023Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14023DiVA, id: diva2:1334395
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved

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