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Utmaningen att kombinera arbete med privatliv: med fokus på könsskillnad
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The challenge of combining work with private life : with a focus on gender differences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Dagens samhälle ställer allt högre krav på flexibilitet vilket leder till ett mer gränslöst arbete. Idag tillåter digitaliseringen att medarbetare har möjlighet att även ta med arbetet hem. Detta medför en ökad risk för konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv.

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om upplevd konflikt grundar sig i om det är arbetslivet eller privatlivet som påverkar det andra negativt och om det finns några könsskillnader gällande upplevelsen av konflikt. Studien syftar även att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan Work Interference with Family (WIF), Family Interference with Work (FIW), workaholism och livstillfredsställelse samt vilken av FIW, workaholism, livstillfredsställelse och kön som predicerar WIF starkast.

Studien genomfördes med kvantitativ metod med hjälp av en elektronisk enkät inom en statlig organisation i 9 kommuner i Sverige. Deltagarna var verksamma inom den organisation studien avser i de specifika kommunerna (256 potentiella deltagare, varav 56% var kvinnor och 44% var män). Totalt deltog 162 personer, varav 67% var kvinnor, 32% var män och 1% identifierade sig som annat). Data analyserades med hjälp av Wilcoxon signed rank test, t-test och multipel regressionsanalys.

Resultatet visade att WIF var starkare än FIW. Det fanns inga signifikanta könsskillnader i WIF och FIW, vilket indikerar att i dagens samhälle är det mer lika mellan könen vad gäller konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv. FIW var positivt korrelerande med WIF och workaholism men negativt korrelerande med livstillfredställelse. WIF var positivt korrelerande med workaholism och negativt korrelerande med livstillfredställelse. Korrelationen mellan workaholism och livstillfredställelse var negativ. Det variabel som predicerar WIF starkast var workaholism.

Abstract [en]

Today's society increasingly requires high demands on flexibility, which leads to more limitless work. Today, digitization allows employees to take their work home as well. This entails an increased risk of conflict between work and private life.

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perceived conflict is based on whether it is work life or private life that adversely affects the other and whether there are any gender differences regarding the experience of conflict. The study also aims to investigate whether there is a correlation between Work Interference with Family (WIF), Family Interference with Work (FIW), workaholism and life satisfaction and which of the FIW, workaholism, life satisfaction and gender that predicts WIF most strongly.

The study was conducted with a quantitative method using an electronic survey within a governmental organization in 9 municipalities in Sweden. The participants were active in the organization in the specific municipalities (256 potential participants, of which 56% were women and 44% were men). A total of 162 people participated, of which 67% were women, 32% were men and 1% identified themselves as other. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon's signed rank test, t-test and multiple regression analysis.

The result showed that WIF was stronger than FIW. There were no significant gender differences in WIF and FIW, which may indicates that in today's society it is more equal between the genders in terms of conflict between work and private life. FIW was positively correlated with WIF and workaholism but negatively correlated with life satisfaction. WIF was positively correlated with workaholism and negatively correlated with life satisfaction. The correlation between workaholism and life satisfaction was negative. The variable that predicts WIF the strongest was workaholism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
Work Interference with Family, gender, workaholism, governmental organizations, quantitative study
Keywords [sv]
Work Interference with Family, kön, workaholism, statlig organisation, kvantitativ metod
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14022Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14022DiVA, id: diva2:1334387
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved

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