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Högskolestudenters attityd till arbete: samband mellan attityd till arbete, kön och personlighet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
University students' attitudes towards work : the relationship between attitudes towards work, gender and personality (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sveriges arbetsmarknad står idag inför en matchningsproblematik vilket innebär att det råder både arbetslöshet och arbetskraftsbrist samtidigt. Många arbetsgivare uppger svårigheter med att hitta arbetskraft som har "rätt attityd" då den unga arbetskraften tycks ha högre krav och förväntningar på arbete än tidigare generationer.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka materialistisk och individualistisk attityd till arbete hos Högskolestudenter tillhörande Generation Y (personer födda mellan 1980–2000), samt eventuella skillnader kopplat till kön och personlighet. Materialistisk attityd innebär att man lägger stor vikt vid materiell framgång medan individualistisk attityd innebär att man värderar arbetets innehåll i sig så som intressanta arbetsuppgifter och flexibilitet. Högskolestudenter ansågs vara en intressant målgrupp eftersom de är framtidens arbetskraft.

Utifrån syftet formulerades följande frågeställningar: 1. Har män en mer materialistisk attityd till arbete än kvinnor? 2. Har kvinnor en mer individualistisk attityd till arbete än män? 3. Hur ser sambandet ut mellan attityd till arbete och personlighet? Den kvantitativa studien genomfördes på 79 Högskolestudenter vid Högskolan Väst i åldern 19–36, genom en enkätundersökning.

Resultatet visade att män tenderade att ha en något mer materialistisk attityd till arbete än kvinnor även om könsskillnaderna var små, d = 0.51. Kvinnor hade en något mer individualistisk attityd till arbete än män, d = 0.38. Detta resultat var i linje med tidigare forskning även om tidigare studier visat på tydligare könsskillnader.

Slutsatsen är att Generation Y framförallt har höga krav på arbetets innehåll i sig men också de materiella belöningarna vilket kan tolkas som att de har höga förväntningar på arbetet.

Abstract [en]

Sweden´s labour market is currently facing a matching problem, which means that there is both unemployment and labour shortage at the same time. Many employers state difficulties in finding workforce who has the "right attitude" as the young workforce seems to have higher demands and expectations of work than previous generations.

The purpose of this study was to investigate materialistic and individualistic attitudes towards work of college students belonging to Generation Y (individuals born between 1980-2000) and possible gender- and personality differences. A materialistic attitude means that one puts great value in material success while an individualistic attitude means that one values the content of work itself such as interesting work tasks and flexibility. College students was considered an interesting target group since they are the workforce of the future.

Based on this purpose, the following questions were constructed: 1. Do men have a more materialistic attitude towards work than women? 2. Do women have a more individualistic attitude towards work than men? 3. What is the relationship between attitude towards work and personality? The quantitative study was conducted on 79 university students at University West, age between 19-36, using a survey.

The result showed that men tended to have a somewhat more materialistic attitude towards work than women although the gender differences were small, d = .51. Women had a somewhat more individualistic attitude towards work than men, d = .38. This result was in line with previous research although previous studies have shown clearer gender differences.

The conclusion of the study is that Generation Y mainly have high demands on the context of work itself, but they also wish for materialistic rewards. This may imply that individuals belonging to Generation Y have high expectations on work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Attitude towards work, gender differences, personality, generation y, quantitative method
Keywords [sv]
Attityd till arbete, könsskillnader, personlighet, generation y, kvantitativ metod
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14021Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14021DiVA, id: diva2:1334373
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved

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