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Aggressiva och antisociala beteenden hos ungdomar i Marocko och Sverige
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Aggressive and antisocial behaviour of adolescence in Morocco and Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kunskap om ungdomars aggressiva och antisociala beteenden är ytterst angeläget att besitta inom människobehandlande organisationer. Kunskapen behöver utgå från den holistiska helhetssynen där det tas hänsyn till miljön (sociala och kulturella faktorer) omkring människan. Tidigare forskning om ungdomars aggressiva och antisociala beteenden undersökte främst från biologiska och sociala aspekter vilket gör det relevant för denna studie att komplettera tidigare forskning och att fokusera på miljön från ett kulturellt perspektiv.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva och jämföra aggressiva och antisociala beteenden hos gymnasieelever i Marocko och Sverige. 

Metod: Information om frekvensen av aggressiva och antisociala beteenden samlades in med det tidigare validerade instrumentet "Life History of Aggression" genom självskattningar. Studiepopulationen bestod av 361 gymnasieelever i Marocko och 276 gymnasieelever i Sverige. Mann-Whitney U test användes för att undersöka skillnader i frekvensen av aggressiva och antisociala beteende hos marockanska och svenska gymnasieelever. Eta2 användes för att beräkna effektstorlek.

Resultat: De manliga eleverna i Marocko och Sverige skattade sitt aggressiva och antisociala beteende högre än de kvinnliga eleverna. Marockanska manliga elever hade signifikant högre utåtriktad och självriktad aggressivt beteende än svenska manliga elever, medan svenska kvinnliga elever skattade sina antisociala beteenden signifikant högre än de marockanska kvinnliga eleverna.

Konklusion: Resultatet visade skillnader i frekvensen av aggressiva och antisociala beteenden mellan gymnasieelever i Marocko och Sverige. Generellt rapporterade de marockanska eleverna flera aggressiva och antisociala beteenden än de svenska eleverna. Detta betyder dock inte att eleverna i Marocko i högre utsträckning har ett atypiskt och normbrytande beteende enligt deras kultur. Resultatet visade även att det finns könsspecifika beteendeskillnader mellan länderna.

Abstract [en]

Background: Knowledge about adolescents' aggressive and antisocial behaviour is of highest importance to possess in human-treating organizations. This knowledge should be based on a holistic approach, which takes into account the environment (social and cultural factors) effect on behaviours. Previous research on youths' aggressive and antisocial behaviour primarily focused on biological and social factors. The present study focuses on the possible association between environment and aggressive and antisocial behaviours from a cultural perspective.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to describe the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviours of high school students in Morocco and Sweden and compare them between genders and countries.

Method: Self-reported frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviours was assessed by the "Life History of Aggression" instrument. The study population consisted of 361 high school students in Morocco and 276 high school students in Sweden. Mann-Whitney U test was used o examine differences in the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviour between Moroccan and Swedish high school students and between genders. Eta2 was used to measure the effect size of the differences. 

Results: The male students (in both countries) estimated their aggressive and antisocial behaviour higher than the female students. Moroccan male students scored significantly higher on aggressive behaviours directed both against others and themselves than Swedish male students. Swedish female students indicated significantly more often occurring antisocial behaviours than the Moroccan female students.

Conclusion: The result indicates significant differences in the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviour between high school students in Morocco and Sweden. In general, the Moroccan students reported more aggressive and antisocial behaviour than the Swedish students. Importantly, this cannot be interpreted that Moroccan high school students have more atypical and norm-breaking behaviour than Swedish high school students, as atypical and norm-breaking behaviours are culture-sensitive. The result also showed some gender-specific behavioural differences between the countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
adolescence, aggression, antisocial behaviour, culture, Life History of Aggression, Morocco, Sweden.
Keywords [sv]
aggressivitet, antisocialt beteende, gymnasieelever, Life History of Aggression, Sverige, Marocko, kultur.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13933Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13933DiVA, id: diva2:1321949
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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