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Does one Size Fit All?: Linking Parenting With Adolescent Substance Use and Adolescent Temperament
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2998-7289
Jönköping University, Jönköping; Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden; Norwegian University of Science and technology, Norway.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2196-5971
Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Journal of research on adolescence, ISSN 1050-8392, E-ISSN 1532-7795Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Using longitudinal Swedish data from 1,373 early‐adolescent youths, this study aims to answer the question of whether the previously established protective function of parental knowledge and its sources — adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and parental control—on substance use among early‐adolescents is moderated by the adolescent's temperament. Adolescent temperament moderated several links between parental knowledge and its sources and adolescent substance use. The most pronounced moderating results were found for those adolescents with fearless, socially detached and thrill‐seeking tendencies. For these "detached thrill‐seekers", bidirectional links between adolescent disclosure and substance use, and negative links between parental solicitation and substance use were found. We recommend, therefore, that adolescent temperament is considered when designing parenting programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Parenting, adolescents, temperament
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13803DOI: 10.1111/jora.12489Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85062936891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13803DiVA, id: diva2:1307405
Available from: 2019-04-26 Created: 2019-04-26 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mutual actions: developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mutual actions: developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence is a critical time for the onset or intensification of engagement in risk behaviors, such as delinquency and alcohol use. Parents are often advised to supervise adolescents or set rules for behavior control in order to protect their adolescents from harm. But are such parenting strategies advantageous in preventing adolescents from engaging in risk behaviors? Little is known about what role adolescents play in the parent- adolescent relationship and their own psychosocial development? The overall aim of the dissertation was to investigate how parent- and adolescent-driven communication efforts occurring in the parent-adolescent relationship relate to risk behaviors in early to mid- adolescence.Findings show that adolescent-driven communication efforts (i.e. disclosure about their everyday activities) play a prominent role in the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent engagement in risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure is linked to parental knowledge of an adolescent's whereabouts, parent-adolescent emotional connectedness, and decreases in adolescent risk behaviors over time. While parental behavioral control of adolescent whereabouts can indeed be protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, parents' soliciting efforts are related to higher levels of engagement in delinquency and substance use. This is particularly true for boys and adolescents with detached and fearless temperament. However, when adolescents are willing to communicate, parents can elicit more disclosure from their adolescents through soliciting efforts.This dissertation suggests that parents and adolescents both play important roles in parenting and parent-adolescent relationships. Parents can protect their adolescents from engagement in risk behaviors, especially when adolescents share information with their parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, 2019. p. 111
Series
Dissertation Series. School of Health and Welfare, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 096
Keywords
adolescents, risk behaviors, parent-adolescent relationship, disclosure, communication
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14332 (URN)9789185835959 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-17, Jönköping, 09:25 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved

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Kapetanovic, SabinaBohlin, Margareta

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