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Föredrar vi en partner som liknar eller kompletterar vår egen personlighet?
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Do we prefer a partner who has a similar or complementary personality to our own? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Föredrar vi en partner som liknar eller kompletterar vår egen personlighet? Forskning är överens om att vid sökandet av en partner spelar attraktionen mellan individer en avgörande roll. Människans personlighet har också en betydelsefull och avgörande roll för hur relationer fungerar. Enligt likhetsprincipen attraheras människor av personer som de upplever har en liknande personlighet som deras egna. Det är motsatsen till komplementaritetsprincipen som menar att individen attraheras av en partner med en kompletterande och mer olik personlighet.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken av principerna: likhetsprincipen eller komplementaritetsprincipen som var mest överensstämmande med vad människan föredrog hos en partner.

Studien använde kvantitativ metod och datamaterialet samlades in via en webbaserad enkät med 45 frågor. Studiens resultat är baserat på 92 deltagare, 61 kvinnor, 31 män med en medelålder på 29.21 år (SD = 10.41). Deltagarna hade olika civilstånd, yrken och utbildningsbakgrunder.

Studiens resultat visade att människan föredrog en partner med en liknande personlighet som den egna och var därmed mest överensstämmande med likhetsprincipen på skalorna extraversion, vänlighet, samvetsgrannhet och öppenhet.

Abstract [en]

Do we prefer a partner who has a similar or complementary personality to our own? Research agrees that in the looking for a partner, the attraction between individuals plays a crucial role. On the other hand, there are different opinions as to whether a similar or complementary personality would be most attractive when choosing a partner. The importance of personality in particular plays a crucial role in close relationships (Baumeister & Leary 1995). According to the principle of equality, man is attracted to people whom they experience have a similar personality as themselves (Newcomb, 1956). Which is the opposite of what the principle of complementarity means that individuals with complementary qualities are attracted to each other.

The purpose of this study was to examine which of the principle was most agreed in the preferences of a partner, and also if there where some gender differences.

The study used quantitative method and the data was collected via a web-based questionnaire containing 45 questions. The study's results are based on 92 participants, 61 women, 31 men and with an average age of 29.21 years (SD = 10.41). The participants had different civil status, occupations and educational backgrounds.

The results are mostly agreed with the principle of equality. The results also showed differences between women and men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
personality, big five, attraction, the principle of similar, the principle of complementary
Keywords [sv]
personlighet, big five, attraktion, likhetsprincipen, komplementaritetsprincipen
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13791Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13791DiVA, id: diva2:1305210
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-16 Created: 2019-04-16 Last updated: 2019-04-16Bibliographically approved

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