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Betydelsen av kön för risken att utveckla ett alkoholmissbruk hos ungdomar: Utefter självskattad självkänsla & upplevd stress
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The importance of gender for the risk of alcohol abuse amongst adolescences : along with self-esteem & perceived stress (English)
Abstract [sv]

Ungdomar i Sverige tenderar att föreligga i den högre riskzonen än andra åldersgrupper när det kommer till risken för att hamna i ett alkoholmissbruk. Det uppmärksammas dock, i bland annat medier, att ungdomars alkoholkonsumtion har minskat under de senare åren.

Syftet var, att via en kvantitativ studie undersöka om ungdomars självkänsla samt deras upplevda stress är faktorer som kan förutspå deras risk för alkoholmissbruk. I studien undersöktes också könens betydelse för hur dessa faktorer korrelerar med varandra.

Studien genomfördes med enkäter som delades ut till 122 deltagare med en medelålder på 17,4 år. Samtliga deltagare gick på samma gymnasieskola i Västra Götalands län. Deltagarna bestod av 47 % kvinnor och 53 % män.

Resultatet av analyserna kunde inte finna något statistiskt signifikant samband som visar att självskattad självkänsla eller upplevd stress kan förutspå en ungdoms risk för alkoholmissbruk. Men utefter kön så visade det sig dock skillnader. Hos kvinnorna förelåg det ett statistiskt signifikant samband mellan deras risk för alkoholmissbruk med deras upplevda stress och deras självskattade självkänsla. Det fanns inget statistiskt signifikant samband för männen.

Studien kan anses som relevant i vidare undersökningar, för att lyfta fram de konsekvenser som finns med långvarig upplevd stress och vad de kan innebära.

Abstract [en]

Adolescents in Sweden tend to lie in the higher risk-zone then other age-groups, when it comes to the risk of alcohol abuse. Despite this, it's been observed in media that during the later years, there has been a decrease in adolescences consumption of alcohol.

The aim was to, with a quantitative study, investigate if adolescents' self-esteem and perceived stress could be factors that could predict the risk of alcohol abuse. In this study it was investigated if the gender is of importance whether these factors correlate with each other or not.

The study was conducted with questionnaires that were given to 122 participants, with an average age of 17,4 years. All the participants went to the same upper secondary school in the region of Västra Götalands län. The participants were 47 % women and 53 % men.

The result from the analysis could not distinguish any statistical significant correlations that shows that it's possible to predict the risk of alcohol abuse after self-esteem and perceived stress. However, according to the analyzes that measured the men and women separately, differences were found in the results. Amongst the women there was a statistic significant correlation between their risk of alcohol abuse with perceived stress and their self-esteem. There was no statistic significant correlation amongst the men.

This study may be relevant in later researches, to highlight the problematic consequences that are connected with long-standing perceived stress and what they can cause.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Self-esteem, gender, stress, risk of alcohol abuse, adolescence
Keywords [sv]
Självkänsla, kön, stress, alkoholmissbruk, ungdomar.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13787Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13787DiVA, id: diva2:1304940
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-04-16 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2019-04-16Bibliographically approved

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